Prune lemon

How to prune the lemon

Lemon pruning is a very important operation not only for aesthetics, but above all to ensure abundant fruiting. It must be carried out in spring or towards the end of summer, in periods with particularly mild temperatures. During pruning, dry or damaged branches are eliminated, creating spaces in the middle to aerate the foliage. The ‘suckers’, the fruitless branches, which develop in height and which take away energy from the plant, are eliminated. Pruning is done annually, with a more consistent cut at least every three or four years to reinvigorate the plant. Younger plants can be pruned more vigorously, anticipating production, which usually takes place five or six years after planting.

Characteristics of lemon

The lemon is a fruiting tree, belonging to the citrus family and its origins very likely date back to China. It can reach six meters in height and during flowering the branches are covered with small white flowers. It is grown practically all over the world, as long as the temperatures are not too cold. The lemon cannot stand the cold: at -4 ° the plant loses its leaves, while at lower temperatures the trunk can also be damaged. Under optimal conditions it can even flower up to twice a year; in spring and autumn. The uses of its fruits are among the most diverse; we move from the culinary field, to cosmetics, to disinfection of the house, to the preparation of refreshing drinks.

Pruning the lemon: which tools to use

To prune the lemon we will need certain tools, depending on the part we want to thin out. We will cut the smaller branches with a pair of small scissors; for branches with a diameter of up to three centimeters we will use shears; for the larger trunks we will proceed with a saw, while to get to the higher branches we will instead use the pruner. It is essential to preventively sterilize the equipment we will use, to avoid contamination of bacteria that could cause damage to the plant. Subsequently, proper maintenance will suffice to ensure safety in future operations. To prevent the cut areas from being attacked by harmful parasites we will use specific mastic to create a protective barrier.

Pruning lemon: Curiosities and uses of lemon

Perhaps not everyone knows that the lemon originates from Asia and was imported into the Mediterranean basin by the Arabs. In ancient times it had a predominantly decorative use, but it did not take long to understand that this fruit had miraculous properties, first of all the disinfection of water in periods in which modern technology could not be used. Lemon is used in cooking, in the preparation of sweet and savory dishes; there are various uses in the cosmetic field, from the preparation of whitening creams to essential oils; ally of household chores degreases, stains, deodorizes, disinfects, eliminates unpleasant odors from hands (garlic, onion, fish), keeps insects away and makes copper, brass, aluminum and metal surfaces shine.

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