Pruning fruit trees

Tree care

Trees are a part of the incredible plant world that surrounds us; they are among the most complete and majestic manifestations of Nature, capable of exceeding the size of our modern skyscrapers but also of providing us with delicious and inimitable fruits. Obviously they need the shrewdness, science, intelligence and skills of the human being, who for millennia has been studying plants with a scientific method, with the aim of knowing them more deeply and finding solutions to the problems they may present. . Among the most appreciated and cared for trees there are certainly fruit trees: they are deliciously rich in that fruit that we love so much and that is so good for us, as a natural product, genuine and rich in natural nutrients and without a pinch of preservatives. dyes or other chemical crap. We do not hide the fact that through them a huge trade is nurtured, as not everyone is lucky enough to have the favorite fruit plant in the garden and therefore the vast majority of the population buys it. Since there is the economic component, it is clear that we are trying to increase productivity in addition to product quality, to eliminate competition; and all this can only be done with the constant and careful care of the trees.

Operations on trees

The research and study of plants have been going on for millennia now, and if now they are carried out with laboratory tests and computer simulation, once there was the idea and direct experimentation, or the method with which our grandparents and various ancestors they have learned everything. With a mixture of wise tradition and modern research, nowadays we know techniques that allow a plant to adapt to an environment that is not its own, to make it bear fruit in an unnatural period, to make it resist disease and cold. We can do a lot, but today we want to talk about the fundamental operations, the historical ones and with the most beautiful and satisfying results. An example is grafting: an operation that is the result of the genius and inventiveness of who knows which farmer of the distant past, it consists in joining with particular techniques (and often different from plant to plant) two parts of two different plants, in order to also combine the benefits and the best qualities; it is very often operated on fruit plants, which in this way are able to increase their production and the quality of their production, so much so that it can also create new highly appreciated fruits (the well-known tangerine is the result of the union of an orange branch on a lemon tree).

Pruning fruit trees

Pruning is another fundamental operation that aims to help the plant eliminate the now superfluous parts, in order to have more energy and resources for the new components, be they branches, flowers or fruits. Precisely with regard to fruits and fruit trees, pruning is widely used: given that the production of kilos and kilos of fruit is an evident effort for the plant, it seems logical that if you can get rid of some of the work and help it to concentrate your energies, it is good that you do it. In particular, the fruit tree must be pruned after the end of fruiting, so that it can better prepare itself for the subsequent flowering and fruit birth; in fact, pruning before flowering is risky, because the precise period of this phase is difficult to identify, as it depends on the climate of the previous and future months. Therefore, the pruning of fruit trees must be carried out when you are sure that the fruiting period is over, being careful to eliminate the oldest branches and to keep the younger and fuller ones without affecting them, which perhaps will also present many buds from the future. productive.

Fruit tree pruning: Pruning techniques

What is certain is that there is a suitable technique for every operation to be carried out, whether it is the construction of a wall or that we are talking about grafting a branch into a tree; this means that the statement is true and verified also for the pruning of fruit trees, which has variables to consider based mainly on the species of plant to be pruned. Let’s say immediately that we are talking about a “cut” to be made to the plant; the tool we use for this must therefore be as hygienic and clean as possible, to avoid infecting the plant through a privileged corridor and risking to get sick and lose it almost entirely. Usually a disinfection with alcohol and flame is prepared, in order to avoid any risk. For a correct pruning, especially of ornamental plants with green branches and trunks, one must be careful not to fray the part of the branch to be cut; the cut must be clean and precise, without aftermath or other inaccuracies which then become difficult to heal and remain weaker and exposed to external attacks. The best thing is to get information before pruning, on the internet or even by trusted experts such as the nurseryman, or to rely entirely on expert hands for the entire operation.

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