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Pruning lemons in pots

Pruning of lemons in pots

Pruning lemons in pots is an important cultivation practice, which allows us to constantly give a healthy, luxuriant and bushy plant. The intent is to allow sunlight to reach every point of the canopy, relieving it of the oldest and thinnest branches. Pruning takes place towards the end of winter, before the vegetative restart. If you have lemons that bloom continuously, they may already be in bloom in February-March, so prune them in late summer. We proceed by removing first of all the broken, damaged or very thin branches; then the branches that are twisted, or that develop towards the center of the crown, are removed. If the lemon has already swollen buds, or small fruits, obviously avoid cutting the branches that carry them. The cultivated lemons are all grafted;

Lemon that does not bear fruit


It often happens to hear of adult lemon plants that do not bear fruit; the lemon is a plant native to Asia, now widespread throughout the Mediterranean area; in Italy it is grown throughout the peninsula, even in areas where winters are excessively cold for these delicate plants. Often lemons that do not bear fruit in winter are kept indoors, as houseplants: the scarce direct sunlight, and the constant spring climate, make flowering, or even pollination by bees, impossible. In addition to direct sunlight and a cool winter climate, lemons also need a good deep soil, rich in mineral salts: if you keep a plant in the same pot for many years, the soil will tend to be depleted of the essential mineral salts. plant development. It is therefore necessary to replace all the soil contained in the pot every 3-4 years; every year instead we will provide the plant with a slow release granular fertilizer, at the end of winter, choosing a specific one for citrus fruits.

Lemons in winter


In the cultivation areas, in the Italian coastal areas, lemons are grown outdoors all year round. In the rest of Italy, and especially in the north, they are grown in pots to be able to move them to a sheltered place when the first autumn colds arrive. These small trees can withstand a fairly cold climate, but even the slightest frosts can ruin the vegetation, causing all the buds and any fruit to fall off quickly. For this reason, if you live in an area where temperatures can drop below zero in winter, you will have to put your lemon in a suitable area as early as November. It is important to find an area sheltered from frost, but still cool, avoiding bringing the plants indoors: otherwise you will force them to a constant synthetic spring, which is not suitable for correct development. Generally a cold greenhouse is perfect, as well as an area located south of the house, with direct sunlight: the wall of the house will absorb the heat of the sun, and will keep the plant in a frost-free microclimate. In case of very intense cold, cover with non-woven fabric.

Pruning lemons in pots: The pitfalls of lemon in pots


It often happens that lemons in potssuffer excessively over the years, and tend to yellow, stop flowering, and have stunted vegetation. In addition to consistently providing rich soil and good fertilizer, it is important to learn how to water them regularly. Regularity must not be based on a correct scanning of the time intervals between two waterings, but on the humidity present in the soil: this must always be constant and regular. Therefore, in summer we will have to water often, even every day in case of very sunny days: the soil must be cool and humid, but not soaked with water. During the spring and autumn the climate helps us; but if our plant is still covered with non-woven fabric, or placed under a canopy or in a greenhouse, we will have to make sure that it receives rainwater, or it will be up to us to water the soil. Lemons, even if in greenhouses, suffer greatly from drought; therefore even in the middle of winter, when the temperatures are not excessively rigid, we check the potting soil, and in case we wet it with small doses of water.

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