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Pruning the lemon

The lemon tree: history, properties and characteristics

A botanist recognizes the lemon tree with its proper name, namely that of Citrus limon. This thorny tree grows up to 6 meters in height. It is grown all over the world and is used for culinary and medicinal purposes, among other uses. The lemon is said to have come from the Middle East but was brought to Spain during the Middle Ages. The lemon tree does not have many leaves – these are elliptical in shape and can be light or dark green in color. Along the stems of the plant there are thorns that hurt if they are grasped without thinking. Each of the flowers has five petals, five sepals, numerous stamens and a pistil. The petals are mostly white, with a little pink on the bottom. The flowers give off a soft scent. The lemon fruit is yellow, has an elliptical shape and a sour taste. The bottom of the lemon has a protrusion called apex. The outside of the fruit has a leathery skin. The tree must be planted in fertile soil and needs to be fertilized often to produce abundant fruit. Ideally, these trees are planted in an orchard at a distance of about 15 to 25 meters.

Best time to prune the lemon tree


If you have lemon trees in your garden, it is important for their health that they are pruned. By neglecting this lemon pruning process, the tree may grow slower and produce less fruit. Unlike other citrus fruits that can be pruned all year round, lemons require pruning at a specific time. The benefits of having a lemon tree are worth all the work behind it, but you need to know what to do. If you prune the lemon tree at the wrong time, you risk losing all of that year’s crop. The lemon only needs to be pruned once every year or every two years, depending on how fast it is growing. If you live in a warm climate, it does not matter what season you prune the tree. but it should not be pruned on too hot days. The best time to prune a lemon tree is shortly after it has produced its harvest in the fall – this way, you will give the tree some time to recover after the pruning process before the next harvest. In general, though, it is possible to prune a lemon tree whenever it is producing flowers.

How to prune the lemon tree


The process of pruning a lemon tree is very precise. It is necessary to prune in a way that allows sunlight to illuminate the largest number of branches. When pruning a branch, it is important to cut it at a slight angle. You can cut the corner about 1 cm away from the main trunk. Cutting branches in this way promotes growth and accustoms the tree to growing its branches upward. It is very important to remember not to cut more than 1/3 of the tree structure each year. If the pruning is abundant, no damage is done to the plant, but if it is pruned too little, it can suffer damage, such as slowing growth and less fruit production. Leave at least 3-5 main branches to give the tree a base from which to produce a bountiful harvest. next year. It is also a good idea to cut weak or staggering branches because otherwise they will produce fruit on low branches, causing the lemons to fall even before they are ripe. A tip: start pruning the tree during its first or second year of life to accustom the plant to grow in the desired direction.

Lemon Pruning: Learn more about pruning the lemon tree


If the branch looks good, don’t cut it at all! There is no need to cut a branch that produces large fruit unless it creates problems for other branches: in fact, the sun must come all over the tree. Another case in which it should be cut is when it grows in the wrong direction. It is smart to wear gloves when pruning to protect your hands from thorns or stinging insect bites that may be lurking in your tree. The cleaner your shears, the easier the pruning work will be. In the end, make sure you have cut all the twists of branches present. Throughout the year, a citrus tree like the lemon tree produces watery shoots at the base, also known as suckers. To make the tree have a strong central trunk and be erect, remove these suction cups as soon as they appear. Follow this procedure throughout the year, as needed. When pruning your lemon, also remove any dead leaves and branches. Leaving dry branches on the tree increases the risk that the lemon will be affected by certain diseases and can attract various insects.

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