Quercia bonsai

The varieties of the bonsai oak

The bonsai oak is among the most cultivated plants for ornamental purposes in Europe, belonging to the Fagaceae family. The different varieties of the species are distinguished by the foliage, evergreen or deciduous. The most widespread and easy to find on the market, commonly called Roverella is Quercus pubescens. The branches completely lose their leaves in winter to resume vegetative germination in spring. The same goes for the varieties of Quercus farnetto and Quercus cerri. The bonsai oak has small and lobed leaves, in autumn they take on splendid colors in the stripping specimens. The evergreen foliage characterizes the Quercus ilex also called Holm oak, and the Quercus suber with its elegant bark. Many different varieties for the bonsai oak species, to choose and grow inside your home.

Bonsai oak cultivation techniques

Resistant, robust and long-lived trees for the bonsai Oak species, through proper cultivation it is not difficult to obtain lush and elegantly shaped specimens. The most suitable soil is rich and fertile, to be changed every time the plant is repotted. It is necessary to protect and repair the bonsai oak during the winter season, both from cold currents and from sudden changes in temperature. It can be placed in partial shade or even in full sun. In the summer months it is advisable to protect the plant from too hot and sunny exposure. Irrigation must be constant and abundant, throughout the vegetative period, paying attention to stagnant water that can damage the roots with the onset of mold and rot. The foliage does not require spraying.

Pruning and fertilization of the bonsai oak

All bonsai oak specimens react very well to significant pruning interventions. The most suitable period is the winter one, the elimination of excess branches must take place through the use of specific cutters, then it is necessary to dress the wounds with a healing bellows. The bonsai oak emits many shoots in spring, it is advisable to eliminate those too close to the base of the trunk, as they can weaken the entire structure of the plant. Repotting is advisable every two or three years, on this occasion the roots should be shortened with scissors, especially those of greater length. A fertile and well-drained soil will avoid the onset of water stagnation.

Fertilization and adversity of the bonsai oak

It is necessary to administer a periodic fertilization to help the bonsai oak grow in the period of vegetative restart. In fact, the little soil in the pot easily loses its nutritional components and it is essential to provide, through a good fertilizer, all the elements the plant needs to grow. Complete organic fertilizers suitable for the cultivation of bonsai are available on the market, they can be chosen with slow release or diluted in watering. In July and August it is better to suspend to resume fertilization in September. The pathologies that can affect the bonsai oak are different, among the most difficult to cure is the white rot, it attacks the most delicate part of these plants, the root system.

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba