Rose plant

The rose: characteristics of the plant

The story of the “queen of flowers”, the rose, is very complex right from the first quotes made by both Pliny the Elder and Alberto Mario, who described just over twelve species of these plants. Throughout history, many botanists and naturalists have discovered new species of rose plants during their travels. From 1700 onwards, from Japan to China, many brought the roses we all know today to Europe. To grow roses “patience – say the experts – is everything”. In botany you can also find some species of rose that grow in a completely spontaneous way. Compared to cultivated roses, spontaneous roses have even more pungent thorns, sometimes very small. The flowers are also slightly smaller than greenhouse-grown roses.

The rose plant: multiplication

The rose genus is very ancient, in fact, Eocene fossil finds confirm the presence on Earth of roses about 60 million years ago. The rose was already appreciated and cultivated 3,000 years ago in China, Africa and Western Asia. During the Middle Ages, roses were the exclusive object of cultivation by the monks, who used their healing properties. In more modern times, many varieties of roses have been selected by numerous European growers with different bearing, size and color of flowers, scent and re-flowering. The propagation of the rose occurs almost exclusively by grafting on wild plants. Grafting is done under the collar of the wild plant in July and August. In the incision made in the shape of a “T” a gem is inserted which is then firmly tied.

The rose plant: soil and watering

The rose plant in all its species and varieties is suitable for growing anywhere. It prefers sunny locations. Roses adapt to most soils as long as they are worked in depth and generously fertilized with stable manure. These plants fear water stagnation, therefore, it is necessary to make sure that the soils in which they are placed are always permeable. The soil where roses are grown must always be kept moist with periodic watering. The rose plant should be fertilized with complete granular fertilizers every 40-50 days, burying it with a light weeding. This technique also applies to plants grown in pots. Fertilization must take place in the spring and every two or three times in the cold month of January. It is transplanted in the autumn or spring.

Rose plant: Flowering of the rose plant

To obtain good blooms that occur, from May to October, in the winter months it is necessary to intervene with pruning. The terminal twigs are shortened, leaving two or three buds, eliminating the more slender and malformed twigs. Green pruning can also be carried out to eliminate withered flowers to stimulate flowering. Tree-shaped roses are treated in the same way as bush roses. Among the rose plants, the best horticultural varieties are bush roses. The varieties of this group have a bushy habit and are used to form patches of color, flower beds, all of which have a great decorative effect. The flowers are of different sizes, as well as the shape and number of the petals. Enemies of roses are aphids that can appear on inflorescences and young shoots.

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba