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Roses

The roses

Small and colorful, the roses retain all the charm of traditional roses in a smaller and more collected plant but of equal beauty, very common for growing in the apartment or to beautify gardens and enrich them with perfume thanks to the intense fragrance of the flowers. They are particularly decorative also due to their long flowering period, which runs from March to September or October. The rosesthey are among the most ancient plants that still enjoy wide diffusion today: traces of the existence of this plant have been found dating back even to forty million years ago. The diffusion of this shrub is extremely wide: native to the northern hemisphere, nowadays the plant can be purchased almost anywhere, while taking care to respect its characteristics and needs for cultivation. Such an ancient origin is also attested by a deep-rooted presence in culture and art: the little roseshave always been symbols of secrecy due to the petals tightly gathered around the center, while according to mythology the origin of the colors of these small flowers is linked to Venus: walking and pricking herself with a thorn, she would have dyed the roses with her own blood. The little rose also finds application in the medical field for the creation of mouthwashes, eye drops, antiseptic and astringent drugs.

Cultivation


Usually the roses are grown in pots: this makes it possible, in case of external exposure, to move them to sheltered spaces during the winter season. The shrub survives well even in the event of high temperatures, but it does not tolerate harsh climates that drop below freezing. Temperatures above thirty degrees, however, could cause premature flower drop and leaf scorch. It is therefore better to avoid direct exposure to sunlight for too long in the hottest periods, however choosing a well-lit area. To further obviate such risks, more frequent watering will be provided in the summer months, which are usually done by immersion. However, it is important to be careful and avoid wetting the leaves and flowers: excessive humidity could favor the proliferation of parasites and fungal diseases. Nitrogen, magnesium, iron and potassium are essential elements for a florid and healthy development of roses, therefore starting from the winter period and until the first buds appear, it is advisable to provide periodic fertilization to enrich the soil with all the specific nutrients necessary to the development of the plant.

Repotting, reproduction and pruning


Roses do not need large spaces to develop, so the shrub can initially be placed in small pots. Over time, when repotting is necessary, you can then opt to place the plant with all its roots in a slightly larger container. Repotting operations are extremely simple and simply require the use of universal soil; for a more nutritious substrate it is possible to lay a layer of manure under the plant. Repotting can be done in the spring starting from the second year of the plant’s life. The reproduction takes place only by cuttings: also in this case the best period in which to intervene is spring, with the cutting of branches of about 10 cm to be placed in a soil compound high humidity sand and peat to promote rooting. This operation will last about a month, after which it will be possible to start reducing the humidity level and circulating the air. Reproduction will be followed by two toppings, approximately one month apart. Once the plant has reached considerable development, it is possible to keep the size of the shrub under control and promote its healthy development through pruning: it will be carried out in the autumn or winter period, while in summer the flowers will be eliminated before they can originate the fruit, which would weaken the plant. Reproduction will be followed by two toppings, approximately one month apart. Once the plant has reached considerable development, it is possible to keep the size of the shrub under control and promote its healthy development through pruning: it will be carried out in the autumn or winter period, while in summer the flowers will be eliminated before they can originate the fruit, which would weaken the plant. Reproduction will be followed by two toppings, approximately one month apart. Once the plant has reached considerable development, it is possible to keep the size of the shrub under control and promote its healthy development through pruning: it will be carried out in the autumn or winter period, while in summer the flowers will be eliminated before they can originate the fruit, which would weaken the plant.

Roselline: Diseases and parasites


Like many shrub species, roses are sensitive to attack by parasites and in particular fungal diseases, for which a preventive operation will be necessary. It can be carried out during the watering phase, through the use of specific products. Aphids, mealybugs, bad white and rust are the main enemies of this plant, against which it will be necessary to act with specific preventive or subsequent treatments, to eradicate the infestation, in case it is widespread and it is no longer possible to limit oneself to cutting the affected branch . As seen, even an excessive humidity can be harmful to the plant, therefore it is advisable to avoid water stagnation and to provide, rather, to water more frequently. A fertile and duly fertilized soil, a

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