Strawberry cultivation

Strawberry cultivation

The strawberry loves soils with a pH that has a value between 5.5 and 6.5 even if it tolerates pH values ​​of up to 7.5. Its water requirement is moderate, but it needs constant irrigation throughout the vegetative period. If you opt to plant it directly in the garden, you can plant it in rows respecting a distance of about 120 cm. between one row and another; between one plant and another, 30-35 cm if planted in a double row or 15-20 cm. if planted in a single row. To protect your plant from weeds, use the black plastic film, already holed, which can be purchased in specialized shops, so you will reduce the manual operations to remove the weeds to the minimum necessary. For fertilization, the manure is excellent for the plant and then the supply of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium during vegetation.

Strawberry motiplication

With the strawberry multiplication is synonymous with simplicity: it is performed approximately every three years, to always have vigorous plants; because if it is true that the plant is perennial it is also true that the production is not constant over time, but decreases with the aging of the plant. This operation is done by the stolons. What are? They are the “branches” of the strawberry that arise from the collar of the plant. Subsequently, the stolons lengthen, and on their top a new plant is formed, already equipped with roots and leaflets. It is sufficient that you take the young plants originating from them to have a new plot. It will be enough to remove the old plants and plant the new ones in place; or, to rotate, plant them in another corner of your garden. This operation takes place in August.

Main parasites and pathologies

In the strawberry cultivation and fight against diseases coexist, especially against the rot to which the fruit is very exposed. The Piedmontese term “frola” with which the strawberry is indicated has the double meaning of also indicating a “shortcrust” thing, fragile and gives us an indication of its “fragility”. Among the animals Red spider and Aphids are the strawberry “storm troops”, covered on the sides by the terrible molds: Oidium, Anthracnose and Botrytis. Spider and Aphids attack all parts of the plant. Chemical or biological fight against them, as you prefer. Botritys and Oidium attack all parts of the plant, while Anthracnose mainly “takes care” of the fruits. Here chemical fight, you have no choice.

Strawberry grape cultivation

Uva Fragola is a vigorous vine, with long reddish shoots that can even measure five meters. It is widely used to form pergolas. Its hairy leaves are quite large, dull and hairy on the underside. It blooms in May. Its cluster is of medium size, with medium-large dark berries. There is also the white variety, with light yellow berries. The grape is very fragrant and its smell is reminiscent of strawberries. The current legislation provides that it is allowed to grow strawberry grapes only “for the family consumption of winemakers”. Strawberry grapes do not like calcareous soils. It is suitable for exposures in full sun or partial shade, if possible sheltered from the winds. However, it can withstand both heat and cold, resisting temperatures as low as -15 ° C.

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