Strawberry cultivation

What are strawberries

Originally from the Alpine area, strawberries are part of the rosaceous plants. They are commonly called fruits, but in reality, the only part to be considered fruit are the black dots that meet on the surface. The red fruit we eat, considered a false fruit, is the enlarged receptacle of the plant’s inflorescence. Originally it was only the wild strawberry, with time, and with various crossings, the strawberry that we normally consume on our tables, and which is also cultivated in the plains, has been obtained. They are considered hybrid fruits that arise from the union of the European variety and the American variety, and can be of two types: remontant, which have a smaller fruit and can lead to a wider production from June and October. The non-re-flowering ones, on the other hand, produce a larger, selected fruit,

The varieties of strawberries

Strawberries may all look the same, but they have many varieties. The main difference is between uniform strawberries, which bear fruit only once a year, and remontant strawberries which bear fruit several times in various months, between June and November. Among the former, the main varieties that can also be grown in our home garden are: the “alba” a rustic plant that lives well in the central-northern areas, which creates a moderately rigorous plant, with a light red fruit with excellent flavors and aromas. The “bud” is a vigorous plant that produces enough strawberries, with a deep red color and a sweet flavor. The “maya” has a bright red color, with an elongated conical shape, and a fairly high production. Among the remontant varieties, the best qualities are the “anabella” which has a good reproductivity, the fruit is medium-large with an intense red color. The “diamond” has a very heavy fruit, about 28 grams, of an intense red color and good aroma, with a moderate production.

Strawberry cultivation

The cultivation of strawberries requires little effort and maximum production. It can be grown already in spring and the first fruits can be obtained the summer after sowing. Other varieties have a cultivation in the cold period and a harvest in the summer, but produce a tastier fruit. Strawberry cultivation involves sun exposure and sandy soil, rich in nutrients. It is also necessary to work the soil to free it from weeds, covering it with an organic compound. They should then be planted in single rows, with the seedlings at about 20-25 cm from each other. Create a hole deep enough to make the plant and the earth parallel, then press the seedling firmly in its place, to better join the roots to the ground. Plants need to be watered constantly, and increase the water supply in the hottest periods. It would be preferable to water early in the morning, to allow constant evaporation throughout the day. It is also advisable to avoid wetting the leaves and the fruit, try to water at the root of the plant.

The strawberry harvest

The best time to harvest strawberries is in the hottest period of spring, and it can continue throughout the summer. It is necessary to select the ripest strawberries, which have a redder color. Before starting the harvest, you must have the correct baskets for conservation, because they are a very delicate fruit and you risk bruising it during the harvest. The basket suitable for collection must provide for the recirculation of air to keep them always ventilated. It is necessary to take the fruit from the stem and gently tear it from the plant, making a slight twist that detaches the peduncle from the plant. If any leaves tear off during harvesting, fear not, you haven’t ruined the plant. Strawberries can be stored for two, three days, in the refrigerator, in the least cold part of the same. They must never be washed before the decision to consume them, otherwise we spoil the fruit. When we decide to enjoy that succulent fruit we have produced, let’s wash it carefully. It is a fruit that grows in close contact with the ground, so it can be a carrier of germs.

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