Tall trees

Classification of trees

In relation to the climatic conditions, responsible for the development of the tree species present in the different areas of the planet, it is possible to classify trees according to the size they can reach in adulthood. The tall trees belong to the order of the first size trees that reach and exceed thirty meters in height. This type of trees, in addition to having very long trunks, has very extensive root systems capable of keeping large portions of land compact. Unfortunately, tall trees are also the most sought after by the timber industries which often operate in an uncontrolled manner, deforesting large portions of land, further aggravating the problems associated with deforestation and desertification.

Tall trees

Tall trees are the most imposing organisms present in nature capable of living for thousands of years as in the case of some specimens with a mammoth habit of Californian sequoia sempervirens that are between five thousand and seven thousand years old or a specimen of Mexican mucronate yew which is estimated to be around four thousand years old, while some trees are known to have continued to grow for over three thousand years of a particular species of western juniper. Other species have millennial or multi-century biological cycles, for example: chestnut, cypress and yew can live more than two thousand years. The spruce, the cirmus and the English oak can exceed the millennium while some specimens of silver fir are more than eight hundred years old.

Broad-leaved and coniferous trees: growth

One of the characteristics common to all trees is perennial growth. The trees, in fact, continue to grow until death at increasingly slower rates, however for broad-leaved trees the development is more rapid in the first years of life while conifers generally have slow and constant growth rates. Tree growth as well as longevity depend not only on climatic factors but also on the species. The tallest tree of all is the Californian evergreen sequoia which in the case of some monumental specimens exceeds one hundred and twenty meters in height. A tree of exceptional size is the amygdalina eucalyptus native to Australia where it can exceed one hundred and ten meters in height and the silver fir that grows up to seventy-five meters.

Tall trees in the garden

Tall trees characterize all the environments in which they grow for the size they can reach. If planting a sequoia in the garden could be an impossible task, however, there are tall trees that can be grown without particular problems provided that there is sufficient space. The plane tree is certainly one of the most common ornamental trees in many vegetable gardens and gardens; it can reach a height of forty meters, has a long and robust trunk wrapped in a smooth bark with very suggestive brownish gray shades, a wide and rounded crown composed of broad deciduous leaves with an intense color and long and strong branches that offer an impact particularly impressive visual.

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