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The almond tree

How and when to water the almond tree

The almond tree is a robust plant, so much so that it can resist the lack of water for long periods. Obviously, however, irrigation is necessary whether it is a fruit plant or an ornament. In fact, water is the essential element to have a conspicuous flowering before and a consequent production of fruit afterwards. It is necessary to design an irrigation system, as the almond tree needs to be constantly wet for a certain period, so drip sprinklers or micro-sprinklers are needed. Irrigation is accentuated in hot periods, carried out several times a day to keep the soil constantly humid, they are reduced in winter since vegetative rest does not require a lot of water which, among other things, is provided by the most frequent rainfall in autumn and winter.

Treat the almond tree


The almond tree does not require special care, but it is essential to follow some precautions. First of all, the ground must be prepared, which must be well worked. So if it is a fruit plant we will proceed to deeply plow the soil. If, on the other hand, the almond tree is grown for its flowers, a compost of peat and sand will be used both for the plants planted in the garden and for those in pots. Each specimen must be planted at a depth ranging from 70-80 cm in open ground to 30-40 cm in pots. Attention also requires the number of seedlings present in a limited area, in the ground each almond tree will be about 6 meters away from a similar one. Otherwise, in pots, in order to have the right pollination, we will try to have a single specimen.

Fertilize almond


The almond tree needs the right amount of organic substance. The most important fertilizer is nitrogen, to be added especially to sandy soils, rich in mineral salts. Generally the choice to follow is to use organic products such as organic fertilizers rich in nitrogen that release it slowly for long periods, even for several months. Alternatively, chemicals can be used to be administered during irrigation. Fertilization must be done both in autumn and in spring-summer, it must be done regularly from the plant until flowering and the appearance of the fruits. During the maturation phase of the almonds it must be interrupted. Other chemical elements to add are phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and in minimal quantities zinc, boron, calcium and iron.

The almond tree: The main parasites of the almond tree


Almond trees suffer from the attack of parasites such as spiders, scale insects, insects such as moths. Since most of the time the fruit is intended for food, it is recommended to use organic and eco-sustainable methods, such as the introduction of beneficial insects and predators. With these natural methods we obtain an uncontaminated product, natural both for man and for the environment. These plants also suffer from diseases originating from the attack of fungi, which develop due to excessive irrigation or the proximity of areas with high humidity. Among the fungal diseases, some are very serious such as gummy bark, lead sore and cytospore. In some cases the attack occurs from the roots, causing their rot and the consequent deterioration of the plant. In these cases the manifestation takes place already in late spring, the treatments will be adopted at the beginning of the summer after the harvest of the fruit. As for the potted almond, it suffers from the attack of aphids and spider mites: these are eradicated with the use of chemical but also natural treatments such as spraying with a solution of water decanted with wood ash.

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