Tips

Tradescantia

Tradescantia

Belonging to the Commelinaceae family, the Tradescantia genus includes about sixty perennial herbaceous species with a creeping habit. These plants are native to the tropical areas of Central and South America and, in Italy, are known as the “misery herb”. The peculiarity of these plants is their posture which can be both drooping and prostrate. They consist of a stem covered with a light down and the flowers are united with terminal inflorescences. The flowers consist of three triangular-shaped petals and are pink or white. They are not particularly flashy, do not last long and are not even beautiful for ornamental purposes. Among the many existing varieties we mention some species. Tradescantiazebrina is a creeping plant with fleshy leaves characterized by two silver stripes on the upper part and red in the lower part. The Tradescantiasillamontana has an almost erect posture and is characterized by fleshy and hairy stems and branches. The tradescantiafluminensis, native to Brazil and Argentina, has the particularity of having a drooping and disordered posture because the stems change direction at each node. The stems are fleshy and the leaves are an intense green tending to blue on the upper side and purple on the underside. originally from Brazil and Argentina, it has the particularity of having a falling and disordered posture because the stems change direction at each node. The stems are fleshy and the leaves are an intense green tending to blue on the upper side and purple on the underside. originally from Brazil and Argentina, it has the particularity of having a falling and disordered posture because the stems change direction at each node. The stems are fleshy and the leaves are an intense green tending to blue on the upper side and purple on the underside.

Cultivation


They are plants that do not require too much care or special attention, they are very easy to grow. Tradescantia love to grow outdoors, in fact it is advisable to ensure good ventilation in the place where they are placed but be careful not to expose them to drafts because they are not very welcome. They are plants that need a lot of light but should not be exposed to direct sunlight. The ideal temperatures for these plants must never be below 10 ° C during the winter period, as for the maximum there are no problems because they can withstand even high temperatures. As for irrigation, the tradescantia should be watered abundantly from spring to the end of the summer. They are plants that need moisture, in fact the soil must never be left completely dry. During the autumn and winter periods, watering must be reduced. If temperatures are particularly high during the day, it is advisable to nebulize the plant and foliage. To always have a plant with a tidy crown you need to make small prunings, just eliminate the branches that create confusion and the damaged parts of the plant.

Multiplication

The multiplication of these plants can take place in two ways: by cuttings rooted in the ground or in water. As for the multiplication by cuttings of stems rooted in the ground, in spring or summer, cuttings about ten centimeters long are taken. The cuttings must be taken through an oblique cut immediately under the node, the lower leaves must be removed and immersed in a rhizogenic powder to facilitate rooting. The cuttings should be placed in a mixture of fertile soil and coarse sand and, the container in which they are placed, should be placed in a shaded area with a temperature of about 21 ° C. Once the first shoots have appeared, it means that the cutting has taken root and therefore, when the plant has grown stronger, it can be moved to a single pot. As for the multiplication by cuttings rooted in water, it is necessary to take a cutting, clean it and place it in a container full of water. In about two weeks the cutting should begin to root and, when the seedling has grown and gained the strength it needs, it can be moved into a pot and treated like an adult plant.

Diseases and parasites

Plants are often affected by parasitic attacks or get sick, the causes of these path accidents are various. Previously we specified that these plants need a lot of light, and this is one of the many causes. If the plant does not get the light it needs, the leaves become discolored, lose strength and energy and become small, twisted and fall off. One remedy would be to move the plant to a brighter place. Two parasites that can affect these plants are scale insects and lice. The cochineals lead to the formation of spots on the underside of the leaves, just observe them to understand their presence. A remedy against this parasite would be to eliminate them by rubbing with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. In the event that the situation is more serious than you think we recommend the use of a specific pesticide. As for the lice, we note their presence due to the formation of small light-colored insects on the plant. A remedy against these insects is to use an appropriate pesticide for the situation. The pesticides can be found in any store that deals with gardening.

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba