Trees for garden

The lime tree: trees for the garden

Lime trees have been widespread throughout Europe, since ancient times and are able to grow considerably in any type of soil, with reproduction that occurs mainly through the use of seeds. These are trees capable of living up to two hundred years, although in some cases there has also been talk of specimens that lived longer. Exploited above all as ornamental plants, the lime trees form suggestive tree-lined roofs for avenues and streets, with results of great decorative effect. Their foliage develops above all vertically, while the trunk is able to provide a white, light and fine-grained wood, used mainly in sculptural works. Very useful, especially from a medical point of view, are the flowers that the tree produces and in particular the linden oil,

The chestnut

The chestnut is a very large tree, capable of reaching even thirty meters in height. The stem is erect with reddish-brown bark (smooth, if the plant is quite young, wrinkled in the oldest specimens). Its foliage is quite wide and very branched; it has large, serrated and shiny leaves; its distribution area is very vast, but always relative to regions with a temperate climate: rather hot summers are in fact necessary to guarantee the ripening of its fruits. There are various types, but the most famous are the wild chestnut, used above all for the manufacture of furnishing timber and the brown chestnut, which is capable of producing rather large, rounded fruits with an excellent flavor.

The Birch

The birch proper, or white birch, is the so-called pendulous birch (also called verrucosa) and it is a specimen that lives mainly in mountainous areas, capable of reaching twenty, twenty-five meters in height. The trunk is rather thin, while the branches bear in most cases small triangular or rhomboid leaves. The timber, often used in the plywood and heating industries, is white in color and quite light, making it unsuitable for furniture making. Quite useful also from a medical point of view (due to its diuretic properties) and sanitation, birch produces the so-called ‘birch tar’ capable of carrying out disinfectant and anti-parasitic functions.

Trees for the garden: The ash

The Ash belongs to the subcategory of Oleaceae, which in turn falls within the context of Broadleaf trees; it is able to resist even to rather low temperatures, but it prefers the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere. One of its peculiar characteristics is undoubtedly the rapid growth process, which allows it to develop again following ‘pruning’. The trunk is quite thick and light brown in color; due to its resistance it is often used also in the production of furniture and furnishing accessories. Like birch, ash also has excellent medical properties; in herbal medicine it is in fact possible to buy infusions based on the leaves of the tree, as a useful remedy against gravel and renal colic.

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