Tronchetto della felicità

Trunk of happiness, general information

The Dracaena Fragrans, or more commonly called the Tronchetto of happiness, is an evergreen plant belonging to the Asparagaceae family, native to Subtropical Africa. The peculiarity of this plant lies in the trunk, which in the natural environment can reach heights of 5-6 meters while in the apartment it stops at 1.5-2 meters. The leaves vary in color depending on the type of Dracaena: the Fragrans has dark green leaves, the Massageana instead has variegated green leaves with a yellow stripe in the center. They are easy to grow in the apartment, given the few needs for care. In nature they are able to give particular blooms that unfortunately are difficult to replicate in the home environment, except for plants that are able to find an optimal environment.

Dracaena Fragrans, exposure to light, temperatures and watering

The Dracaena Fragrans, or log of happiness, prefers very illuminated positions, although it does not like direct contact with the sun’s rays. It tolerates high temperatures very well, being a plant native to subtropical Africa, which can reach up to 25 ° C. On the contrary, it does not tolerate temperatures that fall below 15 ° C, except on rare occasions or in any case for a limited period of time. He does not like cold drafts. Watering must be regular in summer, constantly keeping the substratum humid. In winter, however, it should be watered about once a week, letting the substrate dry out between one watering and the next. It loves fairly high humidity rates, which is why foliar nebulization is recommended where possible, especially in summer.

Dracaena Fragrans, propagation

The propagation of the trunk of happiness occurs through cuttings. After flowering, the plant emits shoots, laterally along the trunk, which can be detached as soon as they reach a certain size, rooted in water and as soon as they are rooted, planted in pots and treated as adult plants. Another method is to cut a small stem about 10 cm long from a branch, remove almost all the leaves leaving only a few at the top and plant the cutting in a not too large pot using a mixture of peat and sand. You can use rooting products to be applied to facilitate the process, however not necessary. Once planted, keep the cutting in bright areas but sheltered from drafts, which have a more or less constant temperature, keeping the substrate always humid. Once rooted,

Dracaena Fragrans, repotting techniques, diseases and parasites

The log of happiness is usually repotted every 2 years, in the spring period. Use a compost of peat as a soil, trying to guarantee the plant excellent drainage to avoid annoying water stagnations that are not very welcome. The most common diseases are caused by irregular watering, excessive or poor lighting. If the plant gets too much water, the leaves can start to turn yellow, the tips can dry out, and the trunk itself can rot. This is why water stagnation must be avoided, it being understood that the plant usually requires 2 weekly watering in the summer and 1 weekly in the winter. Excessive lighting can also cause yellowing or burns on the leaves. In this case, choose a more suitable seat. The most common pests are scale insects, which appear as spots on the leaves. To eliminate them, you can use a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or products against mites. Spraying the leaves often or wiping them with a damp cloth helps prevent such problems.

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