Tulip flower

Flowering tulip

The tulip plant originates from an oval-shaped white bulb that usually does not exceed 6 centimeters in diameter. The flowering of the tulip takes place in spring: with the first warm spring only the long and hard leaves appear, which can reach up to 30 centimeters in length and which are born right at the base of the plant. At the center of the base, however, the flower appears shortly after, whose stem can reach up to 50 centimeters. Some tulip varieties have a single flower; others, on the other hand, give rise to flowers in groups. The tulip has a very particular shape, it looks like an upside-down cup: today, thanks to the numerous hybridizations carried out by botanists, tulips are really of all colors, white, red, pink, orange, yellow, very dark purple that seems black, or blended with different shades. The shape of the petals also changes depending on the variety and can be curly, variegated and separated into many small petals.

Tulip flower history and meaning

The tulip flowerit belongs to the liliaceae: in nature there are about 150 different species, whose origins date back to the Asian continent, the Maghreb and Europe. Today this flower is mainly associated with Holland, which is among the world’s leading producers and experimenters of hybrids, but in reality it is now grown everywhere, not surprisingly it is among the most widespread bulbous plants in the world. In Europe the tulip only arrived in 1500, while in Asia it had already been known and cultivated for centuries: in the 16th century it became a flower symbol of wealth and nobility, because only the rich could afford it. Today it is used both as a single specimen in pot, as a flower to form colorful and lively flower beds in gardens, and as a cut flower. In the language of flowers, the tulip has taken on the symbol of declarations of love, thanks to several myths,

Tulip flower characteristics and cultivation

From each tulip bulb normally only one flower is born on a long stem, which has large and leathery leaves at the base, and at the apex the typical flower, which also has hard and fleshy petals. Being bulbous hardy, tulip plants survive the winter frost so the bulbs can be left safely in the ground. They are buried at rest, usually, even in summer: normally the tulip period is short, it begins in spring, with the first heat, and ends at the beginning of summer, when the leaves are already starting to dry out. If you prefer, in summer the bulbs can be removed from the ground and stored in a cool and sheltered place, and then planted again in autumn, which is the best time to do so in order to have abundant flowering in spring. Tulips want soft, deep, and above all drained soil, otherwise excess water could cause the bulbs to rot. A good soil enriched with manure and sand is enough; for the depth, it is necessary to adjust according to the diameter of the bulb: it must be buried at a distance equal to double the diameter.

Tulip flower: Tulip flower care and propagation

The tulip does not need special care: it should be watered only when the soil is dry and only in spring, ie in the period of production of leaves and flowers. In the other seasons the bulb must be left there in the earth without water, otherwise there is a risk of fungal infections and rot that could ruin it irreparably. If no problems arise, the tulip can survive and bloom in a flower bed for even years. This plant must be fertilized at the end of winter and then at the end of flowering. To propagate it, it is possible to use a solution offered by the plant itself: after a few years, the buried bulb must be removed and put to rest. When you remove it you will notice some small bulbs that have sprung up on the main one: these must be removed, otherwise more plants will grow together. By removing them and burying them elsewhere, however, you will have different plants. If you have enough soil, the bulbs can be left where they are, so the tulip plant will expand on its own, creating natural flower beds.

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