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Types of grafting

Gardening what a passion

Gardening is now a widespread hobby in all industrialized and developed cultures; it has been so successful for a number of reasons, among which we allow ourselves to extract the most important: the first is that it allows you to have a close contact and a close relationship with nature, the second is that it is very, very relaxing (and we can all imagine how important this is in our busy lives today). There was a century, that of industrialization, in which the human being has really abandoned the earth and its care to devote himself body and soul to factories, commercial activities, to build cities and buildings everywhere, to asphalt roads and to burn trees that are now «useless» and bulky. Immediately said that a tree will never be useless, because it has the first task of producing oxygen for our respiration and the second task of providing habitat to many animals, as well as supporting the ground on which our houses rest with its strong roots (and we Italians have this unfortunately many sad examples), it remains to be said that life has undergone improvements by «migrating» to the city, but there are also negative aspects; first and foremost stress, a true pandemic disease of today.

The home garden


What is it that can save us from stress as soon as we return from a day of work or otherwise of commitments around the city? Usually the rest of our family welcomes us at home, but very often, instead of getting help, we download all our negative thoughts on them and this ends up ruining many relationships, even very important ones. Apart from the fact that we should learn to manage these situations, but now more and more often people resort to equipping themselves with a garden near their home: it can be considered as a paradise, or a peaceful, free and all for us place where we can be welcomed by silence. , from the scents and pure oxygen of nature so that everything relaxes our nerves and reconnects us to real life, which is not work, mind you.

Grafting technique

Grafting is one of the typical gardening techniques of the human being «affected» by the green thumb: this technique is very useful for the treatment of some types of diseases, to make our plants proliferate, to make them productive in terms of flowers and fruits . Apparently it is a fundamental and important thing, and in fact it, of very ancient origin, is still operated today without the slightest change both at an amateur level and at a professional level, or in large cultivations of grapes and citrus fruits for example. To do this there are many techniques, all united by the fact that you have to take a branch from the plant that we want to reproduce and insert it, connect it with the «base» plant; an example will help us to understand: we have an orange that does not produce fruit, while another (ours or that of an acquaintance of ours) produces an abundance; well, we take a branch of this productive tree and we graft it into ours, and from this branch the fruits will come out exactly (but it can also be the flowers, depending on the type of plant) as we admired them on the other tree. It looks a bit like a Frankenstein operation, but it is absolutely legal, safe for plants and used since ancient times, exactly in these ways.

Types of grafting

We have described the grafting technique and we have also made a common example to consolidate what we have stated; we just have to understand what are the various techniques with which a graft is practiced, the differences between them and the cases in which they are applied. Let’s say immediately that there are dozens and dozens of variants for a graft, but the three fundamental techniques are: bud grafting, split and wedge grafting. The bud graft involves taking from the plant to be reproduced not a branch but a bud, that is a new “knot” which can be the first part of a new branch or a flower depending on the species; then a T-shaped split is made in the host plant and the bud is inserted, closing the T and tying it with bands and special products for grafts. Instead, the split and wedge grafting require scions, or branches taken from the plant to be reproduced and shaped in the shape of a small blade or sword, to be inserted in a gap in the trunk of the host plant or in a wedge always produced in the trunk. The last two techniques are more suitable for large plants, for real trees such as fruit ones, while the bud grafting is more universal but above all suitable for flowering plants. What must be clarified is that it is true that a minimum of manual skills are needed to perform these jobs, but following our advice and taking a cue from the photos you find here, it will not be difficult to get good grafts in the first attempts. to real trees such as fruit trees, while the bud graft is more universal but above all suitable for flowering plants. What must be clarified is that it is true that a minimum of manual skills are needed to perform these jobs, but following our advice and taking a cue from the photos you find here, it will not be difficult to get good grafts in the first attempts. to real trees such as fruit trees, while the bud graft is more universal but above all suitable for flowering plants. What must be clarified is that it is true that a minimum of manual skills are needed to perform these jobs, but following our advice and taking a cue from the photos you find here, it will not be difficult to get good grafts in the first attempts.

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