Types of orchids

List of various types of Orchids

Orchids belong to the Orchidaceae family and are mostly native to Asian, Southern and European countries; in nature there are 650 genera, 25 thousand species and 100 thousand hybrids. In Italy we enjoy 85 species of orchids, including some endangered. We divide all types of Orchids into: epiphytes, among which we know the Cattleya, the Vanda and the Odontoglossum, which have aerial roots and live as “parasites” attached to trees; semi-epiphytes and lithophytes, of which the most common are Phalenopsis, Dendrobium Nobile and Miltonia and terrestrial, which live with roots in the earth, of which the most common are Cymbidium and Paphiopedilum. Very particular and fascinating is the Vanilla Planifolia, a climbing Orchid with earth and aerial roots from which Vanilla is obtained,

Orchids, unlike common beliefs, are not difficult plants to grow nor to take care of. Most of them come from tropical and subtropical areas; therefore they prefer relatively warm temperatures and a good humidity rate. Almost all types of Orchids love (not direct) sunlight and need proper ventilation, paying close attention to cold air currents, which are unwelcome. Particular importance is to be given to the watering, which must take place in the cooler hours of the day and must be regular especially in the periods of greatest heat and in the vegetative periods. Foliar nebulization is very welcome, if possible using lukewarm water and free of limestone (rain or demineralized), and paying attention not to wet the flowers.

The role of soil, repotting and fertilization

Almost all types of Orchids love narrow pots (being mostly epiphytic plants), so repotting should be done only when the plant really needs more space, i.e. when the pot is no longer able to contain the root system, using pots slightly larger and composed mainly of peat and bark pieces. The soil plays a very important role; the right soil, in fact, in addition to favoring the development of the plant guarantees an excellent water drainage, avoiding stagnation that could compromise the health and beauty of the plant. This particular must be taken into great consideration especially when you are about to carry out the repotting operations, generally in the spring or in any case vegetative period. Another very important thing is fertilization,

Types of orchids: Diseases and pests common to all types of orchids

Usually, diseases and pests are common among all types of Orchids. The former are often caused by bad watering or incorrect exposure to sunlight. Excessive watering, for example, can lead to root rot or leaf fall. Conversely, poor watering leads to dropping of flowers or buds. Excessive exposure to sunlight can cause leaf burn, while lack of lighting can cause non-flowering. As for pests, the most common are mealybugs, which cause dark spots on the leaves or the presence of cotton-like wads. To eliminate them, use specific anti-mite products or use cotton soaked in alcohol. On a preventive level,

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