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Violets flowers

Viola flowers

The viola is a genus of plants belonging to the Violaceae family with a wide diffusion in Europe, in tropical areas and in the American continent. The genus of the viola groups about 400 different species of plants with different characteristics: herbaceous both annual and perennial or suffruticose. The viola has a spring flowering, while in summer the plants usually block it and instead the production of seeds is stimulated, in this way the vegetative period is concluded. The height of the plants varies between 10 and 20 centimeters and has simple or branched stems. The leaves have a lanceolate or rounded shape depending on the species. The flowers are composed of petals turned upwards and have a variable color between yellow, purple and blue.

Cultivation of violets


The flowers of violets are plants that do not particularly suffer from the cold, managing to withstand even prolonged frosts. Violets, on the other hand, usually fear heat and drought periods, in fact in the case of planting the plants in areas where the summers are characterized by high temperatures, it would be advisable to expose them in a semi-shaded area so that they do not suffer from the direct exposure to the sun’s rays. Violets should be sheltered from the wind which could lead to damage. The ideal soil for growing violets should be soft, suitably fertile and with proper drainage that avoids dangerous stagnation of water. It would be advisable to mix some sand to the soil, so that the water is drained in a better way, and some peat.

Violets care


Violet flowers should be planted from late fall through early spring. Repotting should be done with caution to prevent the roots from spoiling. The pot should be sized to allow proper root containment, but not too large to prevent excessive root development from causing less leaf and flower growth. Repotting should be done in the spring. Violets should be watered regularly and avoid doing it frequently. In the summer period it should be done every 3 days, decreasing the frequency in winter. Violets should be fertilized with a fertilizer that consists mainly of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, proceeding every 20 days.

Violets flowers: Reproduction and pruning of violets


Violet flower multiplication could be via seed, which should be placed in a container containing soft, fertile soil. Subsequently the vase should be covered with a plastic sheet and placed in a sheltered place. Once the seeds begin to sprout you should uncover the pot and place it in an area with more light. The seedlings can be transplanted when they have reached an adequate strength. Violets do not need excessive pruning, it should be necessary to eliminate the parts that have suffered damage, the flowers that have wilted and the leaves that have dried. Like any pruning operation, it would be advisable to carry out the operation with sharp and disinfected tools to avoid infections on the plant.

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