Wild cherry


The natural habitat of the wild cherry is represented by wooded areas that are not too humid, from the plain up to about 1600 meters above sea level. It is a plant that can reach up to 30 meters in height and not very long-lived, which hardly exceeds a hundred years of life. Also very popular in the garden, the wild cherry tree blooms abundantly and earlier than the rest of the vegetation. Being a rustic plant it does not require special care. It will be sufficient to irrigate it regularly, keeping the soil moist but without exaggerating in order not to cause rotting of the roots. Watering must be more frequent during the spring and summer period, to help the plant that does not prefer too arid and dry soils and high temperatures.

How to take care of it

If you have chosen to plant a wild cherry in your garden you will not have to worry too much about its maintenance. It is a rustic tree, which is well suited to any type of soil and does not require special care. It does not like stagnant water but requires soils that are not too dry. It prefers soils rich in nitrogen and direct exposure to the sun’s rays. Rather resistant to cold, the wild cherry tolerates temperatures as low as -10 ° C, and is among the first fruit plants to flower in spring. Any frosts can produce cracks on its trunk, from which an amber-colored rubbery resin comes out, which is used in the pharmaceutical field. The cherry stalk is widely consumed in herbal medicine, where it is used for the preparation of diuretic products.

Proper fertilization

In the first years of the life of the wild cherry, no fertilization of the soil is necessary. Starting from the fourth year, when the cherry tree is planted in its final location, it will be advisable to annually provide treatments based on fertilizers rich in nitrogen. Fertilization must be carried out after the fruit has been harvested. Nitrogen is in fact a substance necessary for the correct growth of the wild cherry, and is contained in many elements that make up the plant. The intake of the substance occurs directly from the soil, but this process is sometimes difficult due to the high volatility of the compound. A correct supply of fertilizer carried out in the recommended period will contribute to the growth of the plant,

Wild cherry: Diseases and propagation

Being a rustic plant, the wild cherry is quite resistant to attacks by fungi and insects. The main diseases to which it is subject derive from pathogenic fungi such as the chorineum, from the rot of the rooting apparatus and from particular insects such as the black aphid of the cherry tree, the white cochineal and the cherry fly. However, these are always diseases that can be easily solved, with the help of pesticide products that can be found in specialized gardening centers. The reproduction of the plant can take place from seed. Once the pulp of the fruit has been taken, which contains substances that prevent germination, place the seeds in light soil, to be wet regularly. Germination will take place from the following year of planting the seeds.

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