Windbreak hedges

Windbreak hedges

The windbreak hedges are a fairly common structure in some areas of Italy; generally they are particularly used in hilly places, regularly swept by strong winds, which prevent the cultivation of the most delicate and decorative garden plants. But windbreak hedges are also necessary in coastal areas, since most of the plants commonly used in gardens do not withstand the brackish wind coming from the sea, which would burn flowers and leaves. In order to protect the ground, these hedges must be made up of very compact and vigorous shrubs, which do not fear strong winds, even in winter; they must also be resistant to drought, because constant air tends to dry the soil and leaves very quickly in summer:

The choice of the most robust plants

Plants suitable for forming a windbreak hedge must have flexible and compact stems, and produce very vigorous foliage, which can withstand regular and constant wind; the role of these structures is to prevent the wind from penetrating the garden through the hedge, it is therefore important that the chosen plants are evergreen, because otherwise, during the winter, the air would find ample space for its passage. Cypresses and tuje are generally preferred, because they tolerate the wind well and are fast-growing plants. Very interesting are also viburnum, piracanta and cherry laurel: these are vigorous shrubs and easy to cultivate, which if at home for a few years tend to be satisfied with the rains, and tend not to be devastatedly attacked by the most common parasites.

Windbreak hedges for the sea

The wind coming from the sea is very brackish, that is, full of sea salt; most of the most common plants cannot bear the presence of sodium in the air, which dries the foliage and ruins it irreparably; for this reason many gardens located near the beaches tend to be surrounded by windbreak hedges. Synthetic hedges are often used, because the plastic material of which they are made can best withstand the brackish wind, without being damaged excessively. But there are some plants that do not fear the salt present in the air, and typically we find them in areas near the sea. For example oleander, tamarisk, privet, passion flower, pittosporum, mastic, holm oak, and palms of different species and varieties. Generally the gardens on the sea are bordered with bamboo reed structures;

Grow windbreak hedges

Surely the choice of plants is fundamental for a windbreak hedge: any plant that fears intense frost, strong wind, drought, brackish winds, is destined to succumb over the years. So, first of all make sure with your trusted nurseryman that you are choosing the most suitable pints. Place them close enough, so that they quickly create an impenetrable barrier; but avoid getting too close to them, or you risk getting very tall and narrow shrubs, which will tend to get damaged by the wind. Therefore, keep the shrubs at a good distance, so that they form a large and well-developed canopy. Pruning must be fairly regular during the first years of life, because they must favor the development of very compact vegetation:

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