Trees

+12 names of evergreens

Evergreen trees, also called evergreens or perennials, are great: they allow us to have a garden protected from direct sun throughout the year, and also, with them, we have guaranteed the privacy and security that we all want to have in our green paradises.

Therefore, we have selected for you a selection that you will surely love. These are the names of evergreen trees that you can grow in your beautiful garden.

Evergreen and fast growing trees

Acacia

Image – Wikimedia/ KENPEI// Acacia baileyana

The Acacia grow in many types of weather: from dry to warm temperate. There are many species, such as the Acacia baileyana or the Acacia saligna, which are the most resistant to cold (down to -7ºC ), and all of them bloom that it is a pleasure to see them. When? In spring-summer.

Of course, they are sun trees, which resist drought well but fear flooding.

Brachychiton

Image – Wikimedia/ John Tann from Sydney, Australia// Brachychiton populneus

The Brachychiton are very fast growing trees that drought not only support, but also frozen soft (up to -4 ° C ). They reach heights between 8 and 20m. There are many species, including Brachychiton populneus, Brachychiton acerifolius, or Brachychiton bidwilli. All of them can be had in gardens whose soil is limestone and has good drainage.

Important: some species can drop leaves from part of their canopy once a year or every few years, especially if the winter has been cool and/ or dry. For example, I can tell you that I have three B. populneus in the garden, and they always only have half their leaves for a few weeks in winter.

Spathodea

And we end up with a tropical tree, the Tulipero del Gabon. It grows up to 10m tall, and has spectacular red flowers. Its growth rate is very fast, being able to grow about 50cm/ year. Unfortunately, it can only be grown in warm climates, without frost.

Evergreens for shade

Ceratonia siliqua

The carob is a fruit tree that grows to 6-7 meters in height, with a wide crown of up to 4-5m. Its growth rate is medium-fast, even if it doesn’t rain much.

In fact, it supports drought very well, but not intense frosts: only up to -3 or -4ºC if they are frosts of very short duration.

Magnolia grandiflora

Image – Flickr/ Cathy Flanagan

The magnolia or magnolia is a tree that reaches 30 meters, and has a very, very dense crown formed by large dark green leaves. In spring, large white and aromatic flowers sprout, which measure, without exaggeration (I have one in the patio), about 25 centimeters.

It is beautiful, but requires temperate climates and soils with a low pH, between 4 and 6. It is afraid of limestone. For the rest, it resists up to -18ºC.

Quercus suber

Image – Wikimedia/ Jean-Pol GRANDMONT

The cork oak is an evergreen tree that reaches 25 meters in height. Its crown is characterized by being formed by numerous branches from which many green leaves sprout. This makes it produce a very nice shade over the years. It grows on fertile soils, provided the climate is temperate.

It resists freezes down to -18ºC.

Evergreens for cold climates

Callistemon viminalis

The weeping pipe cleaner is a small tree or large shrub that grows between 4 and 10 meters in height. It usually has only one trunk, but it can have several. The crown is irregular, with hanging branches from which more or less linear green leaves sprout. Its flowers resemble a pipe cleaning brush, something that gives it its name, and they are red in color.

It likes temperate climates, where it will grow in almost all types of soils. Withstands frosts down to -7ºC, although when young it may need some protection.

Laurus nobilis

The laurel is a tree or small tree that reaches 5 to 10 meters in height, with a more or less straight trunk and a dense crown. Its leaves are bluish, lanceolate, and aromatic, which is why they are widely used in cooking as a condiment.

It is a typical Mediterranean plant, but don’t be fooled: it can easily withstand frosts down to -12ºC.

Prunus laurocerassus 

The lauroceraso or cherry laurel is a tree or shrub native to the laurel forest that reaches 6 meters in height. Its leaves are bright green, leathery, and are about 10 centimeters long. It produces white flowers in clusters, and they are aromatic. The fruits are berries that contain seeds, which should not be consumed as they are poisonous.

It grows in all types of soils, and in a wide variety of climates, from warm-temperate to cool with frosts. Supports up to -18ºC.

Evergreen fruit trees

Anacardium occidentale

The cashew is a tree or small tree that grows between 5 and 7 meters in height. Its trunk branches at a low height, something that makes it very interesting to have it as a medium-height hedge. Its leaves are green and broad, and it produces nuts suitable for human consumption.

It grows well in tropical climates, where there are no frosts, or in greenhouses. The soil must be fertile, with a pH of 6 to 8.

Citrus

Citrus fruits, that is, orange, lemon, mandarin, grapefruit, etc., are evergreen trees or small trees that reach a height of between 5 and 15 meters. They produce very aromatic white flowers and globose fruits in spring-summer.

They grow in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate climates with mild frosts, in soils rich in organic matter.

Persea Americana

Image – Flickr/ Mauricio Mercadante

The avocado is a tree that reaches 20 meters in height. It has a spreading crown, globular or bell-shaped, formed by green leaves. It blooms in spring, and if another specimen of a different sex is nearby or grafted, it will produce fruits called berries that are 7-33 centimeters long by up to 15 centimeters wide.

It will live well in tropical and subtropical climates, in full sun and on fertile land. Unfortunately it does not resist frost.

Which one did you like the most?

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