8 types of Hibiscus

I love hibiscus. Although they are plants that do not tolerate too much cold, their flowers are so brightly colored that it is difficult to ignore their beauty, not to mention that they are usually sold at really cheap prices, taking into account the size of the plants. and how easy it is to maintain them.

In gardens and terraces that enjoy warm climates, without frost or very weak, they look spectacular as hedges, isolated specimens, and in groups. But, you may be very used to seeing one or two species. To change that a bit, we invite you to meet eight types of Hibiscus.

Hibiscus brackenridgei

Image – Wikimedia/ David Eickhoff from Pearl City, Hawaii, USA

The Hibiscus brackenridgei is a small tree or tree native to Hawaii that can grow up to 10 meters. Its flowers are of a magnificent yellow color, and two varieties are distinguished:

  • Hibiscus brackenridgei subsp. brackenridgei: it is a small tree or shrub found at heights between 120 and 790 meters above sea level, in the country’s forests and bushes.
  • Hibiscus brackenridgei subsp mokuleianus: it is a tree that is only found on Kauai on the Hawaiian island Oahu. It is considered an endangered species by the USFWS (United States Fish and Wildlife Service, which translated into Spanish would be something like the US Fish and Wildlife Protection Service, the equivalent of the International Union for the Conservation of the Nature or IUCN that we have in Europe).

Hibiscus cannabinus

Image – Wikimedia/ Dinesh Valke from Thane, India

The Hibiscus cannabinus is a plant with an annual or biennial cycle (that is, it lives one or two years) native to Africa and tropical Asia. It owes its surname to the fact that its leaves are very similar to those of the herbs of the Cannabis genus, but in terms of stems and flowers they are very different. This species develops a stem with a woody base that can reach 3.5 meters in height, and its flowers are white, yellow or purple, with a diameter of between 8 and 15 centimeters.

If we talk about its uses, apart from being used as an ornamental, fibers are extracted from its stem with which paper is made. For this reason, it is very interesting as an alternative source for the paper industry, since due to its rapid growth and easy multiplication, if it were cultivated more surely it could help to protect the forests.

Hibiscus moscheutos

The Hibiscus moscheutos is a perennial herb native to North America. It does not grow much, only between 1 and 2.5 meters in height, so it is highly recommended for growing in pots and small gardens. Its stems are pubescent, that is to say, very short hairs sprout from them that give it a soft touch. Its flowers are large, between 10 and 14 centimeters in diameter, and are white, pink, red or purple, with a dark red center.

It is used in gardens and terraces for its ornamental value, but also for its seeds, from which an oil that is used in perfumery is extracted.

Hibiscus mutabilis

Image – Wikimedia/ Lazaregagnidze

The Hibiscus mutabilis is an evergreen shrub native to the southern United States that reaches a height of about 4 meters. It is known by the names May rose, Cuban rose mallow and love to use, and produces flowers with one or double crown of white or pink petals.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Image – Wikimedia/ B.navez

The Hibiscus rosa – sinensis is the most popular species. We know it as China rose, cayenne, poppy or simply hibiscus, and it is an evergreen shrub native to East Asia. It produces a large number of flowers between 6 and 12 centimeters in diameter, single or double, and of very different colors: yellow, red, orange, pink, bicolor.

Very appreciated in the gardens of warm climates. In the Mediterranean region it is very popular as a hedge, but it also looks great as a potted plant. In addition, its tender leaves can be consumed in salads.

Hibiscus sabdariffa

Image – Wikimedia/ Invertzoo

The Hibiscus sabdariffa is an annual herb known as Roselle, Jamaica flower, saril, sour red sorrel Guinea or Guinea. It is a species native to tropical Africa, and grows around 1 to 3 meters tall. The flowers are red at the base and somewhat paler towards the ends, measuring 8-10 centimeters in diameter, and have an intense red calyx.

If we talk about its uses, it is an ideal plant to have in pots or gardens. But without a doubt its most widespread use is edible. The calyxes are harvested when they acquire their striking wine-red color, and are used as a colorant. Also, its green leaves can be eaten in salads.

Hibiscus syriacus

Image – Wikimedia/ Salicyna

The Hibiscus syriacus is a deciduous shrub or tree known as rose of Syria, altea, or arboreal marshmallow. It reaches a height of 2 to 4 meters, and is native to Asia. Its flowers are white, pink, red or violet, and are about 7 centimeters in diameter.

It is a species especially recommended for temperate climates, as it supports weak frosts.

Hibiscus tiliaceus

Image – Wikimedia/ Dr. Avishai Teicher

The Hibiscus tiliaceus is an evergreen tree known as the common majagua of Cuba that, however, native to Australia and Southeast Asia. It grows around 4 to 10 meters in height, with a trunk diameter of about 15 centimeters. It produces yellow flowers with a dark red center.

Its most widespread use is ornamental, both in gardens and in bonsai. Its wood is also used to build canoes and even ropes. In addition, it must also be said that its young leaves can be eaten as a vegetable.

Which of these types of Hibiscus did you like the most? If you want to know what are the basic care of these plants, click here below:

Related article:Hibiscus, wonderful flowering plant

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