Trees

Araucaria (Araucaria bidwillii)

 

The Araucaria bidwillii is an exemplary tree species that is worth knowing. Not only because it has been used by aborigines for a long time, but because once its seed has been germinated, it will have a huge plant with a rather peculiar appearance.

Today we will be talking about a species that is considered today as the last survivor that belongs to the genus Araucaria. So we can tell you that if you have the opportunity to plant this plant, do not hesitate twice.

General data

This is a rather peculiar tree, since its development is one of the slowest of all the plants that you will find on our website . While it normally takes two to three weeks for a plant to germinate, it can take a whole year to germinate.

So it is quite difficult to grow if it is not cared for and provided with the right conditions. On the other hand, this plant has its origin in the country of Australia , but as such, the discovery of this species was made in Chile between 1815 and 1853.

Its scientific name, as you could deduce, is Araucaria bidwillii, but to make it easier for those who read us, it is also known under the common name of Araucaria . Before moving on to the characteristics, you should know that although it is a tree that can grow up to 40 meters in height, some can reach up to 50 meters.

Characteristics of the Araucaria bidwillii

We begin by saying that this plant has to be grown especially in environments where the climate is temperate . It is for this reason that it can be found without any problem in areas that are close to the coasts.

Its adaptation is quite versatile. Just as they can grow in soils that are quite fertile, they also have the ability to thrive in areas that tend to be very dry. The growth of this plant is thanks to the seeds. 

The only detail is that they are excessively slow to germinate. To give you an idea, of the 6 seeds that you take to put them in the germination process, some of them will take up to 3 months to achieve . The roots will begin to appear after the first year after germination has passed.

As for the leaves of this plant, it usually reaches a maximum of 5 cm long. Its forms are like pangs when the plant is in its young state. When it reaches maturity, the leaves acquire a radial shape in their twigs .

While the leaves in the first stage are bright light green, with the passage of time this color changes and becomes a dark green, but maintaining the brightness. At this point, the leaves grow to 8 centimeters in length.

These are lanceolate in shape, although they also tend to acquire an ovate triangular shape . The funny thing is that each leaf does not have a central rib as is usually seen in most species.

As for the fruit that this plant generates, it should be noted that the weight of its fruit reaches up to 110 kg. These are dark green in color and within them they have approximately 50 to 100 seeds. It should be noted that the fruit reaches maturity after three years of having developed.

Applications

Its main use as superficially commented, is as a source of food for aborigines , so it is correct to say that the seeds of this plant are edible. But at the same time they are used to start the germination process.

But just as its seeds are edible, so are pine nuts . As for the seeds, these can be eaten both raw and cooked. On the other hand, the wood of this plant is quite flexible and very easy to work with.

So it is perfectly used for interior work and even for making matchboxes. Although you can also make brooms and even small boats with its wood.

This plant is an incredibly unique species both for its traditional use in Australia, as well as for the simple fact that it is one of the last species in its family . If you have the opportunity to acquire a plant of this, do not play it twice and plant it.

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