Trees

Canadian pine (Pinus strobus)

The Pinus strobus is a beautiful and immense tree that belongs to the Pinaceae; also known as Canadian pine, white pine or Weymouth pine. It reaches a height of 50 meters and its diameter is 1.5 meters.

The pyramidal shaped pine crown is narrow when young, while being an adult it is branched and flattened; for this reason at Christmas it serves in the houses of ornament; It is an emblem that is customarily adorned with lights and various elements.

Applications

Wood is often used in carpentry, as it does not warp and is extremely light. It is also used in the manufacture of matches, floors, accessories and the paper industry. Due to its imposing beauty, it adorns parks and gardens.

Because it is a very resistant tree, it can be reborn in areas devastated by fire. It has a rough texture trunk; its bark is brown with reddish tones and the leaves (pine needles), which are approximately 15 cm long; They are usually flexible, thin, acicular, green in color, fresh scent and even have an emollient effect; contain vitamin C.

Origin of Pinus strobus

The word ‘pine’ comes from the Latin Pinus. This plant belongs to the category of conifers because the seeds are cone-shaped. In addition, it is made up of plant cells, and its leaves and trunk have resin channels, with which pitch and turpentine are made. In general, its branches are whorled, that is, they emerge from the same place.

Pine is a tree from whose bark comes an oil that is used as a diuretic, expectorant, antiseptic, antipyretic, antiviral, sedative and hair balm. However, wood is highly valued for being used for industrial purposes. With the trunk they build houses and make furniture, musical instruments, veneers, boxes for packaging and handicrafts, among others.

The properties of pine are innumerable, but the excess of tannins could cause digestive discomfort, likewise in children under six years of age and women in lactation or pregnancy, medicines based on this plant are not recommended.

It is originally found in North America ( United States and Canada ), distributed in the four cardinal points of this geography. In the 18th century it was introduced in Europe, specifically in northern Italy, the Czech Republic and Poland.

The species tends to develop in clayey or humid soils and cold climates ; it does not need much light to progress and together with other thick groves it forms mixed forests. Between the months of April and May, the flowering period begins. When the fungus called rust attacks this tree, it completely damages it.

 

There are varieties that differ by their characteristics such as shape, color, foliage and dimensions, and rodas favor the life of animals such as owls or squirrels. Depending on the genus, the pine nuts (cylindrical in shape) that sprout from its branches are nutritious, very sweet, contain fiber and protein; for which Mediterranean gastronomy uses them in sauces, meats, salads and desserts.

The resin produced by this conifer has great properties. It is used in the production of perfumes and incense ; food additives, adhesives and varnishes. Also to waterproof boats, and the sap to make turpentine. In fact, in the 15th century Icelanders mixed the sap with honey and drank it to calm lung ailments. Botanists of Asian origin use it as a remedy for arthritis.

With the buds and shoots of the pinus strobus diseases such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, anemia, flu or cold, rheumatism, problems related to the bladder, womb, kidneys and urethra are treated. Also depression.

Some recommendations to keep it strong and healthy is to prune its branches and the crown when they are very dense, thus avoiding that the roots are weakened by the little sunlight that penetrates them, and that the tree falls since pruning compensates weight. Do not cut them when it snows or rains as it accelerates the appearance of fungi and insects that damage the pine.

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