Trees

Durillo (Viburnum tinus)

The Viburnum Tinus is a beautiful and popular shrub that produces showy white flowers. In addition, as it does not grow much, it can be grown both in pots and in the garden, since you only have to take into account a series of things that I am going to tell you below to be healthy.

So whether or not you have experience caring for plants and you want one that is resistant, know all about Viburnum tinus .

Origin and characteristics

Our protagonist is a perennial plant (that is, it remains evergreen) that can grow up to 7 meters in height, but is normally not allowed to exceed 3 meters. Its scientific name is Viburnum tinus, although it is known as durillo or false laurel, and it is native to the Mediterranean region. Its leaves are opposite, ovate-elliptical, shiny on the upper side and lighter on the underside, and they measure 3 to 12cm by 3 to 7cm.

The flowers are hermaphroditic, white, and are grouped in umbel-shaped inflorescences. The fruit is a dark metallic blue-violet drupe containing a single inedible seed.

What are their cares?

If you want to have a copy, we recommend you provide the following care:

Location

You can put your durillo plant in both semi-shade and full sun, but it is important that it is outdoors as it is not adapted to living inside the home.

Earth

  • Flowerpot: it is not necessary to complicate much. With a universal substrate that they already sell prepared in any nursery or garden store, it can grow well.
  • Garden: grows in all types of soils, even calcareous ones, as long as they have good drainage.

Irrigation

It has to be watered every 2-3 days in summer, and every 4 or 5 days the rest of the year. We must avoid waterlogging, especially if it is in a pot since it would not support it.

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From the beginning of spring to the end of summer, it must be paid once a month, if possible with ecological fertilizers since these do not harm the environment.

Multiplication

The Viburnum Tinus can multiply by seeds and cuttings. Let’s see how to proceed in each case:

Seeds

The seeds need to stratify in the fridge at around 4ºC during the winter. It is done in the following way:

  1. First you have to take a tupperware with a lid and fill it with vermiculite previously moistened with water.
  2. The seeds are then placed on the surface, sprinkled with copper or sulfur to prevent the appearance of fungi, and covered with a layer of vermiculite.
  3. Next, the container is covered and placed in the refrigerator (in the part with milk, fruits, etc.).
  4. Finally, once a week and for three months the tupperware is removed and opened to allow the air to renew itself.

After stratification, the seeds are sown in pots:

  1. The first thing to do is fill a pot of about 10.5cm in diameter with universal growing medium.
  2. Then, it is watered consciously.
  3. The seeds are then placed on the surface and copper or sulfur is sprinkled on.
  4. The next step is to cover them with a layer of substrate.
  5. Finally, the pot is placed outside, in semi-shade.

This way they will germinate in 1-2 months.

Cuttings

A faster way to get a specimen is by multiplying it with hardwood cuttings in late winter, following this step by step:

  1. A branch of about 30 centimeters is cut and the base is impregnated with homemade rooters.
  2. Then it is planted in a pot with universal growing medium and watered.
  3. Finally, everything is covered with a plastic that has previously had some small holes, and is placed outside, in semi-shade.

Thus, the durillo will emit its own roots after about 1 month.

Pests

In general it is very resistant, but if the conditions are not suitable it can be attacked by:

  • Red spider: it is a mite that feeds on the sap of the leaves, where it leaves discolored spots. Sometimes they are not visible to the naked eye, but since they weave cobwebs it is easy to identify them. They are fought with acaricides.
  • Aphids: they are parasites of about 0.5 cm of yellow, green or brown color that attack the leaves and flowers. They are fought with yellow sticky traps that you will find here.

Diseases

If it is grown in an area with too much shade, it can have powdery mildew, which manifests itself in white dust on the leaves. It is treated with fungicide, but the Viburnum tinus must also be put in a place with more light.

Pruning

In principle you do not need it, but if it has dry, diseased or weak branches, they must be removed after flowering so that the plant continues to look as beautiful as ever.

Rusticity

It supports well the cold and frosts down to -10ºC.

And with this we are done. What do you think of Viburnum tinus ? Do you dare to have one in your garden or patio?

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