Trees

Fire Tree (Brachychiton acerifolius)

Although we can find numerous and different kinds of trees globally, the truth is that some of them tend to stand out for being more impressive compared to others, this is due to the beauty and characteristics they possess and, a clear example turns out to be the tree of fire.

The fire tree, whose scientific name is Brachychiton acerifolius, is an arboreal species native to Australia, exactly from the subtropical regions on the east coast.

Fire tree characteristics

It stands out for being considered among the most beautiful tropical trees that exist around the world; And it is that during the spring, before the birth of its leaves, it has incredible and beautiful yellow and red flowers, which look like flames of a fire.

Fire tree is a specimen whose height, usually round 8-15mts, although the species is able to grow about 40 m, max. ; We can also point out that the Brachychiton species only occurs within its habitat of origin and apart from growing with great speed, it is also usually quite long-lived.

It has various kinds of leaves that vary in length, which fall when the weather becomes drier; however, they grow again not long after, and even before flowering occurs, when the rainy season approaches, which is essential.

It should be noted that when the Brachychiton is exposed to very long periods of drought, it can experience premature aging and even die. In relation to its flowering, we can say that it occurs exactly during the spring and little by little it prepares for when the summer season arrives and the rains begin.

Likewise, among the main attributes of the fire tree, the great beauty of its flowers stands out, since they are not only abundant and large, but also have a tonality that, as we already mentioned, varies between yellow and red.

It should also be noted that the flowers of this specimen could have a flared shape, normally having five petals whose measurements usually vary. For their part, both the fruits and the seeds they offer have very particular characteristics, which we will talk about in greater detail later.

The roots that it has in its trunk have a grayish tone and it is possible that they reach several meters in length around the earth where they are. Its bark has sizes, which go through completely smooth areas to others that are cracked as a result of the branches that have detached.

It is usually used as an ornamental specimen in gardens, parks, squares and also in public walks because, not only of the beautiful tonality of its flowering, but also because of the pyramidal shape that its glass usually acquires over time.

Properties

The fire tree is not only known for its great beauty, but it also stands out for its medicinal properties, which allow it to be considerably more desired and worth cultivating. But so that you can learn a little more about these properties, below we will talk about the more specific ones:

It is usually used in order to combat different conditions in the respiratory system ; Furthermore, various studies support its use as a complementary treatment for severe diseases such as tuberculosis, for example, as well as different viruses.

It is frequently used as a treatment for rheumatic ailments, for which it is applied to the affected areas, a type of maceration of its bark. It is normal to boil its flower to prepare infusions or a tea in order to treat both respiratory problems, in addition, it is very effective to control and/ or get rid of certain mollusks, for example, snails and slugs, which are usually common pests inside of the agricultural sector.

What about diseases?

Luckily, the fire tree does not present a great risk of becoming contaminated or sick from the presence of pests. However, in certain cases it is possible that it presents a greater vulnerability to certain insects, although they could be easily and effectively treated using commercial pesticides.

Care

The fire tree is usually cultivated globally due to its beauty, as well as for being a long-lived specimen that grows quickly. It is characterized by preferring loose, deep and fertile soils regardless of their nature; however, it is not usually able to resist in saline soils.

During the summer it requires abundant watering; although among its main advantages it stands out that it has low maintenance, since it is practically not necessary to prune it and it is enough to remove its damaged, dead or diseased branches.

The most convenient thing is to cultivate it in a sandy soil or that is clayey in its defect, which has an optimal drainage that allows to regulate the humidity throughout the first years after its planting.

The most advisable thing is to use organic compost, however, it is also possible to use other types of fertilizer, although it will always be advisable that the fertilizer used has high levels of Nitrogen, since it is an extremely beneficial element for this tree.

Allow at least two months from the time of cultivation before starting to apply the fertilizer. It is usually convenient to apply the fertilizer in the early hours of the day, and after the day apply it again along with an abundant irrigation.

The most appropriate thing to do is to irrigate at least every two days, depending on the climate to which the tree is exposed, at some specific time, and according to this measure it will be necessary to decrease or increase the frequency. But under no circumstances should the frequency be exaggeratedly increased, since excess humidity is not very beneficial for this specimen.

In order to ensure its conservation, certain care must be taken, starting with the climatic conditions. In this sense, it is essential to ensure that it receives frequent sunlight and not to grow it in a cold or temperate climate, as otherwise it could die. It will have to be located in a spacious area and within a healthy land, which allows it to grow naturally without any kind of difficulties.

It is essential that the organic material used has the temperature conditions that we have previously indicated, that is, that it is kept in a sufficiently warm area and free of humidity.

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