Fruit trees

Cultivation of the Paraguayan

The Paraguayan, whose scientific name is Prunus persica var. platycarpa, is a fruit tree native to China. It is a plant that is not only very decorative due to its beautiful pink flowers, but is also very rustic, withstanding the cold much better than other fruit trees.

Find out how you should take care of it so that it gives you an excellent amount of fruit.

Origin and characteristics of Paraguayan

The Paraguayan is a variety of the peach, originating from a natural mutation of this one that arose in China. It grows to a height of approximately 6 meters, with a smooth bark. Its leaves are simple, lanceolate, up to 15cm long and up to 3.5cm wide, deciduous. The flowers are normally solitary, pink to red in color and up to 3.5cm in diameter. The fruit is a large drupe, with a fleshy mesocarp and a bone endocarp that contains the seed.

There are varieties with white pulp with or without streaks, with green or reddish streaks, and with yellow pulp, and even with the seed detached.

How is the cultivation of the Paraguayan?

Now that we know what it is like, let’s see what it takes to grow:

Location

It is a plant that needs to be outside, in full sun. Its roots are non-invasive, so that it can be grown close to the house without problems as long as it is planted about 3 meters from the wall. In this way, it will be able to grow and develop well.

Irrigation

It must be frequent, from 3 to 4 times a week in summer, and from 2 to 3/ week the rest of the year. It is important to bear in mind that it is easier to recover a dry plant than one that has suffered from excess water; so when in doubt, check the moisture of the soil. In addition, if there is a forecast of rain, the waterings should be more widely spaced.

Earth

  • Garden: the soil must be fresh, deep, sandy, with a neutral pH (7).
  • Pot: fill it with substrate for urban garden, or with mulch. You can get the first one here and the second one here.

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It is highly recommended to fertilize with organic fertilizers, such as manure, guano or worm humus by laying a 3-5cm layer around the trunk once a month or every month and a half throughout the growing season -spring and summer -.

Planting or transplanting time

The best time to plant it in the garden is in the middle of autumn, before the winter cold sets in, or in early spring.

If you have it in a pot, you will have to transfer it to a slightly larger one when you see that the roots come out through the drainage holes, and/ or if it has been in it for a long time (more than two years) and you no longer notice growth.

Pruning

It is usually pruned in the shape of a vase in autumn or late winter. It is a way to get the fruits closer to hand.

Use appropriate pruning tools, that is, pruning shears for green and tender branches (no more than 1cm), hand saws for thin branches (1-2cm), and saws for those that are somewhat thicker.

Disinfect them before and after use, for example with a few drops of dishwasher or pharmacy alcohol. This will prevent your Paraguayan from getting sick during or after pruning.

Need for cold-hours

To be able to bear fruit, it needs to be cold for 400 hours/ year. For this reason, its cultivation is recommended only in temperate climates, with winters with frost and/ or snowfall.

Pests

It can be affected by:

Mites

They are very small insects, about 0.5cm, found on the leaves, on which they feed. The most common are those known as spider mites, named for their cobwebs.

They can be fought with acaricides.

Related article:How to combat spider mites on plants

San Jose louse

It is a type of limpet-type mealybug that causes damage to stems, leaves and fruits. During the spring and especially the summer is when it becomes much more active.

Fight with anti-mealy bugs (on sale here ), or if the pest is not very advanced or the tree is still small, it can be cleaned with a brush soaked in pharmacy alcohol.

Related article:San Jose louse

Aphid

Aphids are tiny insects, less than 0.5cm in size, green, yellow, or brown in color. They also feed on the sap of the leaves, although it is easy to find them in the flower buds.

They are fought with diatomaceous earth, or yellow sticky traps.

Related article:Aphid

Diseases

It is quite vulnerable to fungal infection, specifically dent ( Taphrina deformans ), monilia and powdery mildew. So if you see that its fruits are rotting, or that the leaves begin to come out or be deformed, do not hesitate to try fungicides.

Rusticity

It is a tree that supports frosts down to -15ºC.

What uses is given to the Paraguayan?

Image – Wikimedia/ Cillas

Ornamental

It is a very decorative and rustic tree that can be grown both in gardens and in pots. It is interesting as an isolated specimen, in groups or as a hedge.

Culinary

Without a doubt, it is the use that is given the most. The fruits are eaten as a dessert, or as a snack. They can also be chopped up and put into fruit salads.

Its nutritional value per 98 grams is as follows:

  • Calories: 48kcal
  • Fat: 0.18g
    • Saturated: 0.012g
    • Monounsaturated: 0.048g
    • Polyunsaturated: 0.049g
  • Carbohydrates: 11.98g
    • Sugar: 10.5g
  • Fiber: 1.5g
  • Proteins: 0.81g
  • Sodium: 2mg
  • Cholesterol: 0mg
  • Potassium: 202mg

Does the Paraguayan get fat?

No. It only has 48 calories and 0.18 grams of fat. That’s nothing. You have to bear in mind that when people spend an hour walking at a brisk pace, we can spend an average of 100 calories, so 48 are spent in a short time .

Happy cultivation!

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