Fruit trees

What are the pests of the almond tree?

Although there are not many, since it is a fairly resistant plant, it is important to bear in mind that some of them, if allowed to act freely, weaken it a lot.

Almond tree pests

Mites

Like the spider mite and the yellow spider, which are two tetraniquid mites that feed on the sap of the leaves. It is easy to distinguish them, since they weave cobwebs that they use to move from one leaf to another, or from one branch to another. Also, you can see as reddish or yellowish dots that move across the beam of the foliage.

The clearest symptoms are the progressive yellowing of the leaves due to the attack of the mites, as well as the weakening of the plant.

Almond borer

Image – Flickr/ trebol_a

It is a beetle (from the beetle family) whose scientific name is Escolytus amidali that in its adult phase feeds on the branches of trees that are growing vigorously, and in its larva phase it feeds instead on the trees that they are already weak.

One of the most obvious symptoms is the exudation of sap, similar to gummosis, apart from defoliation, decreased productivity and slowed growth.

Almond bud miner

Image – Flickr/ Wildlife Gallery

The leafminers are larvae of some insects, in this case, of the Anarsia lineatella species, which feed on the young shoots and cause damage to the almonds. All this causes the newer leaves to dry quickly, leaving the rest of the branch and green leaves, and the fruits to spoil.

Almond aphid

It is an aphid that you will see very active in spring and summer. It also feeds on the sap of the leaves, as well as the flowers and tender branches, and in doing so produces a honeydew that attracts fungi such as bold. There is also usually the presence of ants.

Symptoms are growth slowdown, leaf drop, flower abortion, leaves that roll up,… and in general tree weakness.

How are they fought or eliminated?

Image – Sharein.org

For the almond tree to be healthy again, it is highly recommended to use insecticides approved for organic farming ; that is to say, with products that we know in advance that they will not harm plants or the environment, nor ourselves. For this, we have potassium soap, neem oil, insecticidal oil, or even “grandmother’s” remedies that can be made at home.

Treatment should begin as soon as the first symptoms and/ or damage are seen, and even earlier to prevent, so it will be more effective.

I hope now you know what plague your almond tree has .

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