Trees

Granadillo (Dodonaea viscosa)

Trees are fantastic plants: some provide very pleasant shade, others bear fruit, and others, like granadillo, are quite adaptable to the point that they can be kept as a shrub or as a tree.

So if you are looking for a woody plant that can live in warm or temperate climates, do not hesitate to read on to learn more about the granadillo.

Origin and characteristics

Image – Wikimedia/ Forest & Kim Starr

It is a shrub or small tree native to the subtropical regions of the world whose scientific name is Dodonaea viscosa. It is popularly known as dodonea or granadillo, and it is a perennial plant (it remains evergreen) that reaches a maximum height of 5 meters. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, and measure 5-12 x 1.5-5cm.

The flowers are grouped in inflorescences in axillary or terminal cymes. The flowers are unisexual or bisexual appearing on the same plant or different plants, and are yellowish, about 5mm in diameter. The fruit is a compressed capsule, about 2 x 2cm, with 2-3-4 wings. The seeds are lenticular and black.

What are their cares?

Image – Flickr/ David Eickhoff

If you want to have a copy, we recommend you provide the following care:

  • Location: the granadillo must be outdoors, in full sun or in semi-shade.
  • Land:
    • Pot: universal growing substrate.
    • Garden: it grows in all types of soils, it even lives well near the coast.
  • Watering: 3-4 times a week in summer, and somewhat less the rest of the year.
  • Subscriber: in spring and summer, with organic fertilizers once a month.
  • Pruning: at the end of winter, dry, diseased, weak or broken branches must be removed. It must also be used to cut those that have grown too much.
  • Multiplication: by seeds in spring.
  • Rusticity: resistant up to -7ºC.

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