Trees

Mañíos (Podocarpus)

The Podocarpus are a series of conifers considered primitive, since there is a theory that says that they already lived on the supercontinent Gondwana about 200 million years ago. Today, the genus is made up of 105 species, and many of them are grown in gardens and patios.

And the reasons are not lacking: they are resistant to cold, and have a high ornamental value. Oh, and some can be grown in pots , which is certainly very interesting for those of us who want to enjoy one on the patio or terrace.

Origin and characteristics

Podocarpus parlatorei Image – Wikimedia/ Stefan sauzuk

Known as mañíos, they are conifers that are currently found in the temperate-cold regions, especially in the Northern Hemisphere. They are evergreen, which means that they remain evergreen all year round (although they do drop some leaves as new ones are brought out). They can reach a height between 1 and 25 meters (rarely 40m).

The leaves are 0.5 to 15cm long, lanceolate to oblong in shape, and generally spiral on the branches. The fruit is a pineapple with one or two viable seeds.

Main species

The most popular are:

  • Podocarpus macrophyllus: known as the podocarpus of Japan, it is a 7 to 7 meter tall conifer native to Japan and China.
  • Podocarpus neriifolius: it is a 10 to 20 meter conifer native to the tropical and subtropical forests of Asia.
  • Podocarpus oleifolius: known as romerón or chaquiro pine, it is a conifer up to 15 meters in height originating from the South of North America to Peru.

Applications

These plants are used as decorative elements in gardens, patios and terraces, but also for their wood to make fine furniture.

What are their cares?

Podocarpus oleifolius Image – Wikimedia/ CT Johansson

If you want to have a copy, we recommend you provide the following care:

  • Location: these are plants that must be outdoors, in full sun or in semi-shade.
  • Land:
    • Pot: it can be grown in mulch without problem.
    • Garden: requires cool, well-drained soils.
  • Watering: water 3-4 times during the summer, and once a week the rest.
  • Fertilizer: from the beginning of spring to the end of summer it is interesting to add a little organic fertilizer every month, for example guano or manure.
  • Multiplication: by seeds or softwood cuttings in late winter.
  • Pruning: in late winter, to shape it.
  • Hardiness: it depends on the species, but in general they resist up to -9ºC.

What do you think of these plants?

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