Trees

Rue male (Ruta Chalepensis)

The Ruta Chalepensis or Ruda macho belongs to the Rutáceas family and seems to be native to Europe. This is a plant that is grown for multiple reasons: ornamental, esoteric, medicinal, and for its nutritional value as a condiment.

Characteristics of the Chalepensis Route

The leaves of this plant are blue-green, bipinate and tripinate, of these there is a variety that is quite striking because the leaves are almost entirely blue ( Jackman’s rue ). The leaves of the Ruta chalepensis or male rue are larger, perennial if it is located in temperate regions and in areas with cold or icy climates, the leaves are deciduous.

The shrub is quite leafy and compact, from this yellow flowers appear on its narrow petals and green flower center. If conditions favor it, it grows up to 1 meter. The flowering of rue occurs at the end of spring and in general, it is classified as a subshrub with a perennial character and with a rather pronounced perfume, which for most is not at all pleasant.

Care and cultivation

If you decide to plant it in your garden or pot, keep the following recommendations in mind:

As for the sunlight, you can place it in direct sunlight or in semi-shade. It needs to be sheltered if you are in regions where there are frosts or very cold winds. It progresses spontaneously in calcareous and poor soils, therefore it will take root without problems in your garden even if the substrate is poor. You will certainly have a compact, ornamental route.

You should also add organic matter or compost to the substrate, to make it stronger and healthier. Watering must be frequent without falling into excess, it is recommended at least twice a week. Keep in mind that if you don’t water it regularly, you expose it to attack by mites or other pests such as whiteflies.

This plant requires strong pruning, which must be done in winter, leaving it a few centimeters from the ground at least 10 cm., This allows the route to be strengthened and not lengthened in an exaggerated way. Its leafiness lends itself to ornamental pruning, in fact it is widely used on edges and beds.

Plant multiplication

To multiply the plant there are two ways to do it, using seeds or cuttings. If you start from seeds, these should be placed on the surface of the substrate and put just a little soil on top as they need a lot of sun. Meanwhile, the substrate must remain moist and the temperature required is above 20 degrees for germination to flourish.

In approximately 14 days they will germinate, and to transplant them later, you have to wait 50 days, the appropriate distance between them at the time of planting should be 45 centimeters. To obtain the seeds, you just have to wait for the flowers to dry on the plant, since this is how the seed buds originate, when they dry you remove them and remove the seeds. It is important to use gloves in the process.

Medical uses

A rue attributed antiparasitic and anti – inflammatory properties. Thanks to its content of flavonoids, alkaloids and essential oil, the flowers are used to stimulate the fibers of the uterus when there is amenorrhea or problems with poor menstruation. This makes its consumption limited during pregnancy.

It is also used to treat varicose veins, hemorrhoids and to eradicate intestinal worms. However, consumption should be moderate and controlled by a specialist since there is a risk of poisoning. In addition, the handling must be careful because the contact with the skin produces blisters.

The Ruta chalepensis also has nutritional properties, in fact it is used in cooking as a vegetable. In the case of the leaves and roots, these are used to flavor some foods, to which it provides a touch of spice. Like its powerful aroma, it is used to give way to some drinks, as well as sauces.

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