Trees

Selection of Japanese shrubs for your garden

Do you want to have a dream oriental garden? If so, you’re in luck. This time I am going to show you a series of Japanese bushes that you will surely love. And to complete it, I will give you a series of tips so that you always look healthy with an optimal state of health.

Do you dare to meet them? Ahead.

8 types of Japanese shrubs

Acer palmatum

Image – Wikimedia/ Rüdiger Wölk

The Acer palmatum or Japanese maple, is a shrub or tree depending on the variety and/ or cultivar, deciduous, which cannot be missing in any oriental garden. It can reach a height of between 2 (the Little Princess cultivar) up to 16 meters, although it is rare for it to exceed 10 meters. Its leaves are palmately lobed, composed of 5-7-9 lobes, normally green in color although they can be reddish, purple, or bi or tri-colored. Withstands frosts down to -18ºC.

Aucuba japonica

 

The japonica Aucuba is an evergreen plant that is increasingly present in the markets and nurseries in our country, mainly due to the fact that, although it prefers acid soils and irrigation water also at low pH, is a of the plants you consider as acidophilic that better tolerate alkaline water. It also grows to a height of three meters, and withstands mild frosts as long as they are short-lived.

Camellia japonica

The Camellia japonica, or Japanese Camellia is a large shrub or small tree that grows between 1.5 and 11 meters high, although it is normal not to exceed 3 meters. Its leaves are elliptical or oblong-elliptical, of a glossy dark green color. It produces large flowers, with a diameter of 6-10 centimeters, and of pink or white color. The cold does not harm you, but it is recommended that the temperature does not drop more than -2ºC.

Daphne odora

Image – Wikimedia/ Miya

The daphne, whose scientific name is Daphne odora, is an evergreen shrub that reaches about 2 meters in height. Its leaves are lanceolate, green with yellowish-green margins. It produces flowers in groups, white, and scented. It supports the cold and weak frosts well, but you have to know that its life expectancy is short, approximately 10 years.

Fatsia japonica

Image – Wikimedia/ Orengi Harvey

The Fatsia japonica, known by the name of aralia, is an evergreen shrub that reaches 5 meters in height. The leaves are palmately lobed and measure 30-50 centimeters in diameter. These are bright green, and leathery. Its flowers are grouped on peduncles, and they are white, but for it to flourish it is necessary that the climate be warm, without frosts or very weak.

Hydrangea

The hydrangea or Hydrangea is a shrub whose flowers are pink, red, white or blue. Its leaves are evergreen, but you may lose some if the winter is very harsh. It grows to a height of two meters, but it is common to have it more compact, with a height less than one meter. It can be outside if the temperature does not drop below 4 degrees below zero.

Rhododendron

The Rhododendron has beautiful flowers, which range from pink to red, through white. It is an evergreen shrub that grows to a maximum height of about three meters. It supports pruning well, and also frost. So much so that it survives without problems in temperatures of up to five degrees below zero.

Azalea

The azaleas belong to the genus Rhododendron, but since they are generally smaller shrubs, with also leaves a smaller size, we wanted to separate them a little of them. They are evergreen or deciduous plants, depending on the variety, that grow more or less 1 meter in height. They produce flowers whose ornamental value is very high. They grow to a height of about two meters. They support mild frosts.

Rough rose

The Rosa rugosa is an evergreen shrub that can reach between 1 and 1.5 meters high. Its leaves measure between 8 and 15 centimeters, are pinnate and have a rough upper surface (hence the name). Its flowers have a diameter of 6 to 9 centimeters, and are a beautiful pink or white color. These give off a very pleasant aroma. You can grow it outdoors all year round, since it resists moderate frosts (down to -15ºC) without problems.

Basic care

The basic care that these beautiful shrubs need are the following:

  • Location: Most of the Japanese shrubs that we have seen have to be protected from direct sun, especially if the climate is warm or warm-temperate. Only the Rosa rugosa should be in the sun, or at least in semi-shade.
    In the case of those that are sensitive to frost, such as aralia, they must be protected during the winter indoors or in a greenhouse.
  • Substrate/ soil and type of irrigation water: both with a low pH (that is, it is acidic, between 4 and 6). In addition, the soil must be rich in organic matter, and it must not easily flood.
  • Fertilizer: from spring to autumn, with organic fertilizer or with a specific fertilizer for acidophilic plants (on sale here ). It is important to follow the directions on the package.
  • Pruning: towards the end of fall or the end of winter, and only if it is really necessary. Remove the dry branches, those that for some reason have broken, and also take the opportunity to trim a little those that are growing excessively.

Which of them would you stay with? Do you have any in your garden?

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