Broccoli

How to Plant Broccoli Seeds: How to Store Broccoli Seeds in the Garden

Growing broccoli from seed may not be new, but keeping broccoli seeds in the garden may be for some. It’s a great way to make these bolt-on broccoli plants work because they’re not good for much else. Read on to learn how to store broccoli seeds.

The beginning of the seed: the history of broccoli

Broccoli ( Brassica oleracea ) belongs to the large family BrassicaceaeCrucifera, which includes other vegetables such as Brussels sprouts, kale, kale, cauliflower, cabbage and kohlrabi. Broccoli is a cool climate plant native to Asia Minor and the Eastern Mediterranean. This Brassica has been harvested since at least the first century A.D., when the Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder wrote about the pleasure his people enjoyed eating broccoli.

In modern gardens, it took some time for broccoli to become established. Consumed in Italy and other parts of the Mediterranean, the name broccoli means “small shoot” and it was in these Italian parts of North America that broccoli first appeared. Although broccoli was grown in the 19th century, it wasn’t until 1923, when it was first shipped from the West, that it gained popularity.

Today, broccoli has been bred to improve its adaptability, quality and resistance

to the disease, and you can find it in every supermarket. Broccoli plants that start with seeds have also become fashionable; the plants are commonly grown in many allotment gardens today and growing broccoli from seed is not too difficult.

Saving Broccoli Seeds

It can be a little harder for broccoli seedlings than for other vegetables to store seeds. This is because broccoli is a cross-pollinator; it needs other broccoli to be nearby to be able to pollinate. Because broccoli is very closely related to other members of the mustard family, cross-pollination can occur between other plants of the same species, creating hybrids.

Although these hybrids are often created on purpose and have been seen in the grocery store lately, not all hybrids lend themselves to a good marriage. Therefore, you will probably never see kale and should probably only plant one type of Brassica if you want to keep the seed.

Storage of broccoli seeds in the garden

To save broccoli seeds, first choose broccoli plants that have the characteristics you want to bring to next year’s garden. The unopened buds, which will in turn be your seeds, are the area of the broccoli plant that we eat. You may have to sacrifice eating your most delicious head and use it instead for seeds.

Let the head of this broccoli ripen and turn from green to yellow as the flowers bloom, then turn into pods. The pods are the ones that contain the seeds. Once the pods are dry on the broccoli, remove the plant from the ground and hang it to dry for two weeks.

Remove the dried cloves from the broccoli and crush them in your hands or with a roller to remove the seeds. Separate the straw from the broccoli seeds. Broccoli seeds remain viable for five years.

Plant broccoli seeds

To plant your broccoli seeds, start indoors six to eight weeks before the last frost in warm, moist soil.

Store starter broccoli in direct sunlight to prevent stinging, then transplant at four to six weeks, 12 to 20 cm apart. Broccoli can also be started directly in the garden after the danger of frost, ½ to ¾ cm deep and 3 cm apart.

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