How to irrigate

Cicerchia is a very drought-resistant legume; it does not require constant irrigation, thanks to its ability to tolerate aridity and to obtain nourishment from the water reserves contained in the soil. Therefore, it is necessary to proceed with light watering only if particularly prolonged sultry periods occur, even if generally the plant does not get to experience the summer heat due to its short cycle. In spring, rainwater is usually sufficient, so even during this season irrigation must be carried out only if necessary; the drip method is recommended as a method, which allows water resources to be rationed and distributed in moderation in the form of thin jets, and which also guarantees significant savings.

Cultivation and care

This plant adapts to different types of soil, including clayey, stony and dense ones; the important thing is that the soil has no acid pH. Even water stagnation is tolerated, which represent a great source of damage for many other species as the cause of root rot: of course, however, they must not be excessive. Before planting, it is advisable to work the soil with dissecting tools and, subsequently, with the plow, turning the clods to favor a firmer rooting and a more vigorous development of the legume. For planting, the autumn period is recommended, and it is recommended to create rows about half a meter away from each other; periodically, especially in the initial stages, it will be necessary to eliminate weeds.

How to fertilize

The fertilization of the cicerchia must be carried out before the preliminary tillage of the soil, with products selected on the basis of the chemical composition of the soil: if the latter is deficient in potassium or phosphorus, these macroelements must be administered through fertilization. They are both fundamental, as they ensure optimal plant development, abundant production and greater resistance to diseases. Nitrogen, on the other hand, must not be included in the fertilizers used, as the leguminous plants are able to fix the atmospheric one contained in the soil thanks to bacteria of the genus Rhizobium present on the roots; given that the plant generally occurs in autumn, moreover,

Cicerchia: Exposure, parasites and diseases

The ideal exposure is bright and sunny, preferably in an environment sheltered from strong winds, although, in general, the plant is resistant to adverse climatic conditions and tolerates both heat and cold well. A danger, however, is represented by aphids, parasites which, through the subtraction of sap, cause a global weakening of the affected specimen and cause the spread of various viruses: specific or natural chemical remedies are recommended to eradicate them, including macerated d ‘ nettle. Among the most common fungal diseases are powdery mildew and downy mildew; both cause the formation of necrotic areas and a progressive drying of the leaves. For the treatment of powdery mildew, sulfur-based fungicide products are recommended, while against downy mildew it is useful to use copper-based fungicides.

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