Fertilizer for vegetable gardens

The fertilizer for the garden: humus and nutrients

Fertilization is essential to maintain the vitality of the soil and activate the microflora and microfauna that produce humus, the fertile substrate necessary for plant life. The soil contains nutrients, divided into macro elements such as Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K) and Calcium (Ca) and microelements such as Iron, Manganese, Copper and Zinc which are absorbed to varying degrees. The fertilization of the soil replenishes these elements subtracted with cultivation, creating a virtuous circle that maintains the balance of the soil in optimal conditions for plant growth. The garden fertilizer can be of organic or chemical origin. Organic fertilizers reintegrate all the elements necessary for the soil and maintain the right conditions for obtaining a good harvest.

The best fertilizer for the vegetable garden: manure

The best fertilizer for vegetables is undoubtedly manure: natural and organic, it is composed of animal manure mixed with bedding made of cereal straw or foliage. Cow manure is the most common, it provides a good supply of macro elements and used well mature, with at least 1 year of seasoning. Horse manure is the best manure, it is more difficult to find but its nutritional principles are in double quantity compared to bovine manure, it is denser and reaches maturity in 6-8 months.The manure of chickens should never be used fresh, it must be allowed to dry and mature for about 6-8 months. Pig manure is not recommended, it is not excellent and it is also very liquid. Peat is an organic fertilizer formed by vegetable deposits accumulated in highly acidic soils, saturated with water and poor in oxygen. IS’

The DIY garden fertilizer with compost

Another organic fertilizer for the vegetable garden and the garden is compost, we can produce it ourselves with the vegetable scraps of our kitchen, the mowings, the pruning of the garden and all the biodegradable organic material that would otherwise be thrown away. compost is simple even if a little laborious. On the market we can find different models of composter to produce small quantities. If we have space available, we can dig a natural tank in a corner of the vegetable garden or garden, using recycled material such as wooden pallets or wire mesh. Food waste, mowed grass, dry leaves and pruning of hedges, untreated paper and cardboard and unpainted wood, excluding leftover meat and fish. The waste must be kept moist and warm, taking care to ventilate it well and turn it over periodically to avoid the self-combustion of the fermenting mass, make it homogeneous and oxygenate the microorganisms responsible for composting. In about 6 months we will have obtained the mature compost, perfect as a fertilizer for vegetables.

Vegetable fertilizer: How and when to use garden fertilizer

The first plant fertilization must be done on the whole area to be cultivated towards the end of winter after a 30-35 cm deep digging, distributing the fertilizer or the mature manure proceeding in parallel rows. allow the absorption of nutrients until the moment of sowing or planting of the seedlings. The amount of fertilizer to be used is approximately 2 kg of manure per square meter. Depending on the type of cultivation it is possible to anticipate the distribution of the garden fertilizer to the previous autumn, to allow better absorption of nutrients: it is good practice to make a early fertilization in the case of planting the trees, the frost of winter will help to further crumble the soil making it fine and suitable for taking root. Fertilization should be done periodically during cultivation, especially during flowering, avoiding the hottest months when the plants are dormant, diluting the fertilizer when possible in rainwater.With such well-prepared soil, our garden will grow luxuriantly.

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