Vegetables

Garlic cultivation

Irrigation for garlic cultivation

To obtain a good harvest and not to risk damaging the bulbs, it is very important not to overdo the watering in the cultivation of garlic. Like all other plants, garlic also needs water to grow and develop. However, since the interesting part from a culinary point of view is the bulb underground, we will have to avoid soaking the soil. During the first phase of growth of the sprout it may be useful to wet, in case the rains have been absent for several days. But the seasons with intense rainfall are more than enough to guarantee an adequate water supply to the garlic. We will not intervene unless strictly necessary. Only during the summer will we be able to help the plant by slightly wetting the base, waiting for future atmospheric precipitation.

Care and cultivation techniques


Garlic is a fairly hardy plant that does not require special care and is very easy to grow. We will start from the spontaneously sprouted garlic, detaching it from its bulb and letting it sprout further. When the sprout is sufficiently visible, we can bury the clove a few centimeters deep. The seedling will develop quickly even without interventions. We can also grow garlic in pots, more cloves will be placed in the 60cm x 25cm boxes. In this case, the garlic plant will benefit from the presence, at the bottom of the container, of expanded clay balls or pebbles, which will filter the excess water. For sowing in the open field it will be sufficient to leave a distance of 20cm between the seedlings and half a meter between the parallel rows.

Soil and fertilization


For the cultivation of garlic we will have to prepare the earth in advance with a hoeing and digging work of at least 35cm deep. The substrate that will host the bulb must be light and loose, to avoid impediments during the enlargement phase. We will therefore have to pay attention to the formation of clods, trying to work the land well. If necessary, we can add universal soil purchased in supermarkets or garden stores. Garlic is not a demanding plant but, if we feel we need to enrich our garden because it is not very fertile, we can use mature manure or homemade compost. The important thing is that the fertilization operations take place well in advance of sowing, without letting the bulb of the

Garlic cultivation: Climate, exposure, diseases


Garlic is a plant that adapts well to cultivation in all areas of Italy, both in the plains and in the hills. It bears well both quite severe winters and summers characterized by periods of even intense drought. Where rainfall is extremely frequent it is necessary to carefully check the drainage because the main enemy of garlic is water stagnation. The water that does not flow can cause serious fungal diseases that attack the bulbs up to ruin the entire plant, forcing us to uproot it in order not to compromise the harvest. Before using chemicals, in the onset of this type of disease it is good to check that watering is not too abundant and the water supply is correct.

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