Garlic sowing

How to do it

Sowing garlic is widespread in warm areas, and is a widespread cultivation in all areas of the world. The sowing garlic is carried out in all loose and permeable soils, which are equipped with good drainage and an average sunny position. Too wet soils are not suitable for growing garlic, as the bulbs are sensitive to waterlogging and tend to rot. The garlic is sown in small holes where the cloves are inserted, with the tip pointing upwards. To be sure of obtaining a perfect and profitable sowing it is advisable to obtain garlic cloves (cloves) that have not been treated and that are organic. After inserting the cloves into the holes, they must be covered with earth, trying not to cover the apex of the bulb.

When it takes place

For a productive sowing of garlic, the best cloves are chosen, those of larger size and with an arched shape. The garlic cloves are placed 15 cm apart to encourage complete growth. Place the cloves 15 cm apart on the row and leave 20-30 cm between each row. The sowing garlic of the white type is usually carried out in the months of October-November, while the pink sowing garlic is carried out during the spring months. In areas characterized by a mild climate, garlic is sown in October, while in colder and humid areas it is sown in February. According to tradition, the sowing of garlic follows the lunar cycles and the general rule is to plant them on the fourth or fifth day before the full moon.

How to fertilize and irrigate

The garlic grown in the field does not require frequent irrigation, the plant absorbs the water from the rains of the winter months and only in the months of May – June in regions characterized by a temperate climate do you increase watering. During the development of the bulbs it is not necessary to irrigate as the excessive supply of water could cause mold and diseases. During the plowing of the soil, an organic fertilization and a fertilization based on phosphorus and potassium are administered before sowing the garlic. After sowing garlic or when the bulbs begin to swell, nitrate can be added to the surface of the crop. During the period of garlic cultivation, nitrogen fertilization is carried out on the covering; it is not advisable to fertilize garlic with organic products that could cause the bulb to rot.

Garlic Sowing: Harvesting and Diseases

Garlic is harvested when the stem bends and the leaves begin to turn yellow, usually six months after planting. To collect the garlic, the stems of the plant are grabbed and the bulb is uprooted from the ground. If the soil is too dry, a pitchfork can be used to move the earth and lift the bulb; after harvesting, the garlic is left to dry for a few days in the sun. Despite the repellent action of garlic, this plant can also be attacked by some diseases and parasites. Rust is a widespread fungal disease in garlic crops causing yellowing of the leaves and is treated with copper. During the sowing and growth garlic can also be affected by the garlic fly that eats the bulbs and promotes the spread among the plants of bacteria and viruses.

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