Grow artichokes

The ideal soil for growing artichokes

The artichoke is a fairly versatile vegetable, which adapts to any type of soil, with a preference for rather deep, drained and compact soils. Irrigation is very important, which greatly affects the biological cycle of the plant and the cultivation period. Especially in the case of dry seasons, irrigation carried out in late spring allows to improve the quality of the product. Adequate fertilization of the soil is also essential to obtain excellent results, enriching it with potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. The artichoke plant, although it is not particularly delicate, is affected by low temperatures, suffering significant damage already just below zero. To overcome this inconvenience, a sprinkler irrigation is useful,

Grow artichokes paying attention to pests

The artichoke plant is by its nature rather resistant, but in the course of its development it always remains subject to some unpleasant drawbacks. In particular, in addition to the damage caused by frost and cold temperatures, the artichoke plant can easily be prey to some parasites rather widespread among crops, first of all the country mouse, as well as aphids, some species of insects and various cryptogram diseases. , which can cause seedlings to rot. To remedy these problems, it is first of all necessary to take care of the soil, which must be sufficiently enriched with mineral salts and well drained, to avoid damaging water stagnation. To ward off the threat of rodents, parasites and fungi there are however specific and effective products on the market.

The most used technique for growing artichokes

Late autumn or early spring, depending on the local climate, are the best times to grow artichokes, which are planted using the well developed and rooted shoots that develop on the sides of the stem. The carducci must be buried about twenty centimeters deep, and about 70 centimeters away from each other. Next, you need to check for pests and weeds, so that you can act accordingly. Before proceeding with the planting of the seedlings, it is necessary to prepare the soil with the utmost care, integrating it with mineral salts and fertilizing it, after having moved the earth with a spade or motor hoe. In the warmer regions the implants are also performed through “ovules”,

Growing artichokes: When it’s time for the artichoke harvest

The artichoke harvest starts in October and ends in June, depending on whether the plants are early or late, with a production cycle that starts from three weeks and goes up to over six months. Each plant provides on average about ten flowers, cut by hand so as to preserve the long stem and some leaves, then evaluated on the basis of size and compactness. In addition to being fresh, artichokes are in fact used in the food industry, for the preparation of frozen foods and preserves. The artichoke has an excellent nutritional value, rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals and with a strong antioxidant action. The artichoke farm also produces a large amount of leaves, used in the livestock sector. The extracts of the plant, with a characteristic bitter taste,

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