Grow tomatoes

How much to water the tomato plant

To grow tomatoes, abundant irrigation is required, although care must be taken not to exceed to avoid the appearance of phytosanitary problems. For this reason, it is enough to adopt some simple precautions in relation to the cultivation method; in fact, if it is an amateur crop with a potted plant, just wet the soil regularly, maintaining constant humidity and avoiding prolonged drought. To grow tomatoes in greenhouses or in open fields, on the other hand, it is advisable to have perforated piping systems capable of delivering small quantities of water in a constant manner. In any case, however, it is necessary to remember to provide a sufficient dose of water at the time of transplantation and to adjust the dose administered in relation to the growth of the plant. In the period of fruiting, however,

How to grow tomatoes

To grow tomatoes you have to start in spring, after an appropriate treatment of the soil in the autumn period. You can opt for sowing or direct transplanting of the seedlings; in the first case, care must be taken to eradicate the weakest shoots to favor the growth of the most vigorous ones to which to reserve energy and nourishment. They are usually planted in parallel rows, with a distance of 30 cm from each other. During its growth, care must be taken to remove excess vegetation (topping), especially the one closest to the ground and the one near the attachment of the leaves to the stem, which is usually sterile; in this way the productivity of the plant is favored. Another trick to grow tomatoes is to support the plant by anchoring it to rods by means of special cords to avoid bending due to the weight of the fruit. Finally, tomatoes that have fallen on the ground must be eliminated to prevent them from rotting and developing potentially contaminating molds.

How to fertilize the tomato plant

Before proceeding to cotivate tomatoes, it is advisable to fertilize the soil adequately, using organic materials, such as manure or compost, at least one month before sowing, to provide the soil with the right nutrients. Furthermore, based on the characteristics of the soil, it is possible to decide whether, to grow tomatoes, it is necessary to use other types of fertilizers at the time of sowing, especially those with a mineral component rich in phosphorus, potassium and nitrogenous substances. This last type of fertilizer can be administered every 7-10 days and intensified during the fruiting period especially for the potassium contribution which favors the ripening of the agricultural product.

Growing Tomatoes: Diseases and Remedies

Growing tomatoes can also lead to plant diseases and infestations. Among the pathologies of the first group there are mostly fruit rot, with its consequent cracking, the result of incorrect irrigation, in particular the abundant administration of water after a period of drought, and the moldy of the leaves, due to fungal species that they develop mainly in poorly ventilated environments, such as greenhouses. In both cases the remedy is to remove the cause that determined them. In the second group, however, we find above all the red spider mites, mites that grow on the lower surface of the leaves and cause yellowing and fall of the same; these tend to develop above all in arid environments, so the correct irrigation of the soil prevents their appearance.

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