Jerusalem artichoke cultivation

Water needs

Jerusalem artichoke is a particularly rustic tuber. This is the reason why it is absolutely not necessary to worry excessively about its watering. The water supplies, in fact, must be given only if necessary and above all in the summer season and in those areas where the climate is warmer and more arid. In these particular conditions, the administration must take place 2 or 3 times a week and preferably early in the morning or in the evening, once the sun has set. At other times of the year, it is not uncommon for the cultivation of Jerusalem artichokes to rely exclusively on the water supply of rainwater. Between irrigation operations, it is absolutely not necessary to wait for the surrounding soil and substrate to dry. Some humidity is tolerated,

Necessary cultivation and care

Growing Jerusalem artichoke is very simple since this American tuber is absolutely not too demanding. It is no coincidence, in fact, that the Jerusalem artichokes are considered weeds and of which it is difficult to get rid of once they have taken possession of the soil. The ideal soil is, however, of medium texture and not too dry. It is no coincidence that the ideal habitat of the Topinambur consists of the banks of the rivers. The sowing of the American tuber takes place in early March to proceed with the harvest during the winter season. The tubers are placed at a depth of 10 centimeters and at a distance of 50 centimeters from each other. Subsequently, no special care is required for the cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke, since it is enough to weed the soil lightly from time to time.

Periodic fertilization

The Jerusalem artichoke cultivation is one of the few that does not require special treatments and fertilizations during the growth phase of the tuber. The only precaution that is certainly better to respect is that of integrating the soil perfectly at the same time as you proceed to sowing. This operation must be done by adding 3 or 4 kg of mature manure to the ground for every square meter. It is very important to incorporate the manure well with the soil before sowing the tubers. From this moment on, it will no longer be necessary to fertilize the Jerusalem artichoke. However, this condition is always relative and does not depend on the objective examination of the plant which must always prove to be healthy and fit. Any deficiencies in the soil, therefore, should be remedied from time to time as necessary.

Cultivation Jerusalem artichoke: Exposure and diseases

The Jerusalem artichoke is a tuber that, given its origins, certainly prefers to be placed in areas characterized by a warm temperate climate even if it resists quite well both the hottest and the coldest temperatures. Not surprisingly, Jerusalem artichoke is among the most resistant tubers that exist, being perfectly able to survive really prohibitive temperatures that can even reach -18 ° C. The resistance of Jerusalem artichoke also manifests itself against diseases and parasites, to which it is particularly resistant. The only animals to watch out for are mice that can feed on the tubers and snails that can act undisturbed especially in nights with higher levels of humidity. When problems of this type are noticed,

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