When to irrigate legumes

The young seedlings of legumes, in seedbeds or in the open field, need water every day. Depending on the cultivation period, however, it is not necessary to intervene too many times during a week if we live in a rainy area, having planted the seedlings in the spring. With the growth of the plant and especially when the first flowers appear, watering will become more abundant, to favor vegetative growth and production. For the whole life of the plant the soil must never remain completely dry, however avoiding overdoing it causing dangerous water stagnation. During the summer season and in particular in the most drought periods, the adult plants of peas, broad beans, beans and green beans should be generously watered, taking care not to wet the leaves to avoid

How to grow legumes

Legumes can be born in seedbeds or in the open ground. In the first case we will proceed with sowing in a sheltered place to favor germination and protect the very young plant from the most intense rainfall and atmospheric agents. In the garden, on the other hand, we will let the plant develop, taking care to place a structure, a support or, better, a special net for climbing species. Green beans and dwarf peas do not need supports but still like the proximity of a small wooden stick, without however the need to be tied. The vertical development of the climbing species will be rapid and after flowering the plants will have an intense production which will last for weeks. Periodically it is good practice to refresh the soil by removing weeds.

Fertilization of legumes

The soil for the cultivation of legumes must be dissolved and previously fertilized without major additions of nitrogen since legumes naturally fix this substance in the soil. It is important, at the end of cultivation, to leave the roots in the earth precisely because legumes are a sort of natural fertilizer, widely used at the beginning of the cycles, to cultivate different plants in the following years. The legumes should preferably be harvested by climbing, taking care not to damage the plant, directly with the fingers or with the help of a sharp knife. Fertilization takes place before planting the plant, preparing the soil a few weeks in advance and during the development of the plant, especially when the flowering and production phase begins. The only precaution is related to nitrogen,

Legumes: Exposure and diseases

The optimal exposure of the legume plants is to full sun. Peas, beans, green beans and all other species can be grown practically in all areas of Italy as long as there is solar radiation for most of the day. It is highly not recommended to grow them in partial shade. The dwarf varieties are also very popular in pots, with the practice of the garden on the balcony which has now become a real fashion and which still gives great satisfaction even in the contained quantities of production. The main recommendation is not to plant too many specimens close together as air circulation is essential. Legumes can be attacked by parasites, fungi and diseases. As a rule, it is necessary to avoid watering the leaves and not to cause water changes, perhaps resorting to mulching. Respect for rotations and associations help to prevent the onset of diseases. When the plants are attacked by rust and anthracnose, it is advisable to eliminate them to make room for healthy ones, obviously acting on the causes before intervening with copper or specific products.

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