Pea plant

The necessary watering

Watering, as with any other type of cultivation, also has a relevant importance in the cultivation of the pea plant. A general rule that must always be kept strictly into consideration provides that water stagnation must never occur, which is feared by the pea as it can lead to irremediable rot of its root system. Watering is essential immediately after sowing, when it is necessary to slightly moisten the soil that houses the seeds. The pea is a plant that suffers from periods of excessive drought. For this reason, regular irrigation is essential, always making sure that the substrate is still wet between one operation and the next. Irrigating before harvesting yields better fruit.

The cultivation and care of the plant

The cultivation of the pea plant is quite simple, mainly because this plant does not have particular needs even in terms of the type of ideal soil. The only precaution is preferably to choose a soil characterized by good drainage, in order to avoid the formation of the dreaded water stagnations. The pea seed must be buried, at the time of sowing, at a depth of about 3 cm and each must be spaced from the others by at least 50 cm. This variable, however, generally depends on the type of pea being planted. Immediately after sowing it is essential to water lightly. Periodically, then, it is essential to weed the soil to aerate it in the best way and avoid the proliferation of diseases.

Proper fertilization

As regards the fertilization front, it is important to know that the pea is a plant that does not require particular types of treatments since it is perfectly capable of extracting all the nitrogen it essentially needs from the surrounding atmosphere. Fertilizers of chemical origin, on the other hand, are highly recommended in the very early stages of plant growth. Relatively poorer soils must in any case be supplemented by using suitable highly mature fertilizers or granular type fertilizers characterized by slow release and the contribution of very little nitrogen. In principle, therefore, in the cultivation of the pea it is necessary to carefully observe the plant to understand if it actually needs a mineral and organic integration or not.

Pea Plant: Exposure and Diseases

The pea plant is very resistant. The colder temperatures are therefore not a problem at all. In fact, in the very early stages of its development, the pea seedling is able to survive even at temperatures that are around zero degrees. The ideal temperatures, however, are included, for the pea, between 10 ° C and 20 ° C. In this way it develops at its best. Higher temperatures, on the other hand, can lead to too early flowering and lower fruit quality. As with all legumes, peas are also sensitive to attack by aphids and weevils. Powdery mildew, on the other hand, which occurs very often, is fought with wettable sulfur and is prevented by not wetting the leaves of the plant when the outside temperatures are too hot or excessively humid.

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