Sow broad beans

Grow the broad beans

Broad beans are plants of the legume family that are fairly easy and quick to grow. Their scientific name is Vicia Faba and they are an annual plant. The harvest takes place three months after sowing. The bean is planted very simply, from February to April throughout Italy, and from October to December in the southern regions with a mild winter climate. For the spring sowing, the harvest will take place between May and June, for the autumn ones, between March and May. To make a successful plant, it will be necessary to loosen the soil by about 30 cm. and create grooves of about 10, 15 cm. depth. A seed will be placed every 10 cm., Pushing lightly with the thumb. Alternatively, two seeds can be sown per hole, spacing them by about 20 cm. It is necessary to cover them with a little light earth. Finally, water will be given in light rain. Care must be taken because the beans fear heat and drought, which slow down the formation of the pod: therefore, too late crops will be avoided. If you want to have more grooves of beans, the rows must be arranged every 20 cm. After harvesting, the soil must be kept mobile and virgin from all weeds, by hoeing regularly.

The irrigation of the broad bean

Broad bean plants can’t stand the heat and need cool, moist soil to grow. It is necessary to give them water regularly, in fact they need consistent humidity, but it is necessary not to exceed. A sign of water shortage is that the leaves wither. It is necessary to favor the use of rainwater, which is more efficient and improves the well-being of the plant. To water you can use a watering can or a hose. From spring, it will be necessary to water sparingly, depending on the weather conditions. Water will continue to be sprinkled in early summer: the soil must remain moist during flowering and pod formation. In case of drought or a heat wave, water is given several times a week, preferably in the evening.

Fertilization of broad beans

The broad bean is one of the most sober plants to grow. Willingly accept nitrogen. The bean belongs to the Fabaceae family, previously defined legumes, which are able to absorb nitrogen from the air and feed on bacteria, Rhizobium, housed in the roots. Adding manure, or nitrogen-rich organic fertilizer, is not necessary. Indeed, it could also be harmful, because nitrates not absorbed by crops can be washed out and enter groundwater. However, the broad bean needs a deep, clayey, calcareous and potassium-rich soil. Too poor soil can affect bean growth. When the leaves turn brown or red, it is a sign of a phosphorus or potassium deficiency. In low-rich soils, it is advisable to make an organic fertilizer, rich in potassium and phosphorus salts, 2 or 3 weeks before sowing. From sowing to flowering, every 2 or 3 weeks, you can add a fertilizer rich in trace elements.

Broad beans require a warm and sunny exposure. Although easy to grow and maintain, their growth should be monitored. The main enemy is the black fly. This is noticeable when it attacks the stems and sometimes the pods, forming invasions of small black beasts that damage the crop. Treatment should be started as soon as these dipterans appear. Eventually the infested stems will be removed, if the invasion is important and localized. The possible appearance of fungi, such as mold and bean rust, will also be checked. The cultivation of broad beans, to prevent the spread of diseases, must weave returned to the same soil every three years. In the field, bulbs such as garlic, shallot, onion, and

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