Sow peas

When and how to sow peas

The sowing period of peas depends on the climatic conditions: in the southern regions the sowing is usually carried out in the autumn-winter period, while in the northern regions it proceeds from the end of winter and throughout the spring. The sowing of peas is usually carried out across the field and in rows 30-50 cm apart for the dwarf pea variety, 60-80 cm for the semi-climbing varieties and 100-150 cm for the climbing ones. The holes in which the seeds are buried must be 3-6 cm deep and 7-10 cm apart. For dwarf peas, sprigs are sufficient as support, while for the taller varieties, nets are used. preferably arranged in a north-south direction, so that the sun can illuminate both sides during the day.

How much to water the pea plant

The pea plant is particularly intolerant to both prolonged drought conditions and water stagnation. Therefore, the irrigation of the land must be strictly dependent on the climatic conditions and the area in which you live: in periods where atmospheric phenomena are frequent, they themselves could be sufficient to guarantee the correct irrigation of the soil, while it is necessary to do it in person. if the soil is dry and there are no residues from a previous intervention. The most important thing is to prevent piles of water from forming around the plant. As for most of the vegetations, also for the peas it is recommended to carry out the watering in the coolest periods of the day, in the early morning or in the evening, in order to preserve the soil moisture for a longer period of time.

The soil for the pea plant: when and how to fertilize

The lush growth of the pea plant does not require special soil. It adapts to any type of soil, but prefers medium-textured and rightly drained soil, while it does not like too clayey and compact soil. Like other plants, peas also benefit from antecedent crops. So if in the period preceding the sowing of the peas the soil was occupied by abundantly fertilized plants then no enrichment will be necessary, otherwise it could be useful to treat the soil months before sowing by digging and fertilizing with mature manure. Weeding and mulching are interventions to be carried out periodically that aerate the soil and prevent the growth of weeds.

Sowing peas: Exposure, diseases and possible remedies

The pea plant prefers temperate climates and cannot tolerate temperature changes, so it may need shelter from direct sunlight during the hottest hours of the day. Among the pests of peas we remember the aphids that feed on the sap of the plant and produce a sweet substance that attracts insects, creating the ideal environment for the multiplication and development of molds and fungi. We also remember the tortrice whose larvae pierce the seeds and empty them from the inside. To combat the attack of parasites it could be useful to cover crops with sheets and use specific products.Among the fungal diseases we include anthracnose, which manifests itself with dark spots in the leaves, and powdery mildew that makes the leaves whitish.

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