Sow peas

The origins and diffusion

There is no precise information regarding the origins, probably the first peas were born in Asia and subsequently spread to Europe. Known by the Greeks and Romans, they are in fact cited by various scholars of that time. Today the pea plant is widespread all over the world, it is one of the most appreciated legumes and thanks to its numerous nutritional properties and low fat content it is widely used in low-calorie diets. Our country is one of the major producers, the Italian regions particularly interested in cultivation are Emilia Romagna, Sicily, Veneto, Puglia and Campania. The production destined for fresh peas is certainly the most valuable, characterized by a very sweet flavor. The productions destined for the freezing and canning industry are also highly respected.

How to evaluate the important aspects for sowing peas

First of all, it is necessary to evaluate the suitable season for sowing peas based on the type of climate in the affected area. In areas with mild winters, sowing is preferable in autumn, instead with cold winters it is necessary to wait for the end. The soil suitable for sowing peas is one that allows good drainage, the pea plant does not tolerate stagnation of water capable of creating rot, and at the same time fears the drought that could create damage such as excessive growth of the plant but with poor fruit. Therefore irrigation must be done very carefully, making sure that the soil is dry from the previous watering, avoiding the central hours of the day. Very important is the so-called weeding,

The technique for sowing

Before sowing the soil must be hoed and fertilized using even simple manure. To sow peas it is necessary to make furrows at least 5-7 cm deep in which to deposit the seeds at a distance of about 5 cm. Finally cover the seeds with the earth with the help of a rake and apply moderate rain irrigation. Depending on the variety to be planted, the distance between the parallel rows of the furrows will change. For the climbing species the distance will be about one meter and for the dwarf version 40 cm, in order to create the necessary space for harvesting and plant care. When the seedlings begin to grow, it is important to place wooden stakes vertically well inserted in the earth, tying them to each other with wires, to ensure a solid support for the climbing stems.

Sowing Peas: Harvest and Benefits

Pea harvesting begins in spring if sowing took place in autumn and ends in late summer. When the peas are small and tender they can also be enjoyed raw. Peas contain a large amount of soluble fiber which helps intestinal transit. A very important mineral that we find in peas is potassium which helps stimulate diuresis, but there are also phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, iron and zinc among others. If eaten regularly they are also capable of reducing the levels of the so-called bad cholesterol present in the blood. Beware of cooking that is too long, which could cause the loss of important vitamins.

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