Vegetables

Sow tomatoes

Sowing tomatoes: irrigation

After sowing the tomatoes in the seedbed we will have to keep the soil constantly moist. For an early cultivation we can use the protected seedbed, creating a mini greenhouse covered with transparent film on which we will make small holes to ensure air circulation. It should be considered that the tomato seed, in order to germinate, needs temperatures that exceed 20-25 ° C. If, on the other hand, we have decided to sow the tomatoes in the open field, after having covered them with earth, we will proceed with a first generous watering. For the entire life of the plant, water must never be lacking. If in our cultivation there are more than 10 tomato plants it may be useful to have a fixed irrigation system. However, watering should be done in the evening or early in the morning.

How to take care of tomatoes


Sowing tomatoes is a simple operation and usually after about twenty days we will see our very young seedling appear. It would be advisable to choose seeds from known varieties, perhaps taking the habit of preserving those contained in the fruits of the previous cultivation, freeing them from the sticky substance that prevents germination, drying them and putting them away from humidity to then use them the following season. The tomato seedling will initially be more fragile but will soon become resistant and develop very quickly. When we go to decant it or plant it, it will be advisable to tuck it up by adding more earth to the base of the plant. This important operation will stimulate the birth of new roots. The tomato will then be tied to a support, except for the cherry tomatoes.

Soil and cultivation practices


The ideal soil for sowing tomatoes is rich and loose. We will have to prepare it in advance with a digging at least 40 cm deep. We will then add some mature manure, organic fertilizer and compost. Tomatoes should not be planted in the same garden plot for at least 4 years after the cultivation of other plants belonging to the nightshade family. The ideal soil is also well drained, allowing excess water to filter out. When the tomato plant begins to put the first flowers it can be useful to fertilize again, to favor a better fruiting and a more generous production. We will have to periodically intervene, especially when the rains are intense, to eradicate the weeds around the plant with a superficial weeding. During the whole life of the plant we will also have to remove the sissies,

Sowing tomatoes: Exposure, climate, disease and harvest


Tomatoes should be sown in a place where full sun exposure guarantees direct irradiation for many hours during the day. In partial shade the tomato cannot be grown. Generous harvests can be obtained in all regions of Italy, both in the plains and in the hills, as long as a suitable tomato variety is chosen. We will have to avoid exposing the very young plants to the last frost. Where the climate is particularly harsh, therefore, it is better to avoid sowing in the open field and to favor that in seedbeds, then moving the seedling when the temperatures allow it. To take on the classic intense red color, the tomato needs a sufficiently hot summer. Tomatoes can be attacked by serious fungal diseases that can be healed using specific products.

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