Transplanting plants

Transplant the plants

Generally speaking, transplanting plants is a rather traumatic operation for the vegetable, which sees itself moved from its original home and then placed in a new place. Consequently it is necessary to choose a suitable place and carry out the intervention with the greatest possible care. The period is also important; the transplant should never be carried out during the flowering phase (as the plant is more sensitive during this period, and therefore more subject to possible damage) but not too early (since the transplanted plant is more fragile and would not tolerate the cold). Once the correct period has been chosen, it is useful to prepare the transplant site, watering it slightly a few hours before the operation, pruning the sick and dry branches of the plant, and eliminating the dry earth from the surface of the sod where we will carry out the intervention. You can also make the holes where we are going to transplant the vegetable more welcoming with compost, which favors the rapid recovery of the plant.

Bare root transplant

Bare root transplant is one of two possible choices when transplanting plants. It is more traumatic than that with earthen bread, and consequently it is used for stronger and more robust plants, which better resist transport and handling, such as fruit trees, or certain vegetables such as cabbage and fennel. It is particularly important to do it before the vegetative restart, in autumn, or after the winter, in order to allow the plant to recover from the trauma. It consists in uprooting the plant together with the roots, which are then cleaned of the earth, and, if they are excessively long, pruned (with clean and precise cuts). Grounding must be done quickly, but the period in which the plant can be transported can be lengthened by storing the plant in moist peat or sand. It is very important to avoid damaging or tearing the roots of the plant, both when extracting it and when placing it in the ground. As an aid for the uprooting work, one or two spades can be used, planted vertically in the soil, which can then be leveraged to remove the vegetable from the soil.

Transplant with earthen bread

The transplant with earthen bread is used for the most delicate plants, which do not tolerate a total uprooting and which have a lower resilience, such as rose, courgette or cucumber. The transplant with earthen bread is safer than the other, and can be done in almost any season since the roots, if the transplant is done correctly, do not undergo any manipulation. However, the months where temperatures are more extreme must be avoided. However, it is a complex operation, since in some cases it may be necessary to carry out several repottings. The intervention consists in removing not only the plant with its roots, but the entire clod of earth that contains them entirely (the ‘bread of earth’ in fact) which is then placed in a larger pot or in the new home and irrigated. . With subsequent repotting, therefore, the plant is grown until it reaches the chosen size. This operation can also be carried out mechanically using a machine called zollatrice, and is the most used technique in the nursery to transplant plants.

Transplanting Plants: Post-Treatment Care

After a traumatic operation such as a transplant, it is necessary to pay particular attention to the plant which, as already written several times, has suffered a strong trauma and is therefore weaker. Once the transplant is complete, therefore, it is necessary to water the plant, constantly but not excessively, avoiding stagnation, to prevent the roots from molding, not on the leaves but on the earth that surrounds it. Before fertilizing the plants it is better to wait for the roots to take root. Another useful tip is to repair the plant from excessive climatic conditions, such as too intense sun, moving it (if in a pot) or covering it with a cloth (if on the ground) in the hottest hours of the day and in the coldest ones, up to which it is not fully invigorated.

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