When to sow potatoes

When to sow potatoes: the varieties

Depending on the characteristics we have yellow, white, red, new potatoes, with selenium and American potatoes.The yellow potatoes are not very floury, firm and compact, ideal for fried, cooked in the oven, boiled and stewed. White potatoes are rich in starch and very floury, excellent for the preparation of gnocchi, mashed potatoes, croquettes and flans. Red potatoes with firm and compact flesh are suitable for baked, stewed, boiled and fried potatoes. novelle or primaticce, with a thin skin, tender pulp and delicate flavor are suitable for steam cooking, sautéed or roasted in the oven. Potatoes enriched with selenium are grown in Emilia Romagna. In addition to selenium, they contain other minerals and potassium,

When to sow potatoes: soil and sowing

Potatoes prefer an acid pH, rich in phosphorus and potassium. The soil must be worked thoroughly from the previous autumn, clearing it of weeds, stones and roots. The seedbed must be well fertilized with natural fertilizer and leveled with the rake, preparing parallel furrows 40-50 cm wide and about 80 cm apart between the rows to allow the tamping and hoeing necessary during cultivation. along the furrow at a distance of about 20-30 cm, cut into pieces if they have more buds or whole, to a depth of 10 cm and with the shoots facing the surface.The tubers must be handled with care because the shoots are very fragile and they could come off. Once planted,

When to sow potatoes: climatic zones

The best time to decide when to sow potatoesvaries according to the climatic zone and the variety chosen: early, semi-early or late. The time between sowing and harvesting ranges from 65 days for early potatoes to 90 days and over for late varieties. a cool and temperate climate but can be grown anywhere with good results. In the center-north the most suitable period for sowing is from February to June, with the central months of March and April as the most suitable in the South the best period is from September to December, to avoid exposure to high temperatures. In hot climates it is recommended to mulch the plants to keep the soil cool and avoid the dispersion of humidity. Watering must be frequent and regular: in the first period of formation of new tubers, the soil must be kept moist.

When to sow potatoes: plains and mountains

When to sow potatoesand the most suitable varieties also depend on the place of cultivation, whether plains, hills or mountains.In the plains, early cultivars with a short production cycle such as Primura, Monalisa and Spunta are recommended. white, it is one of the most used varieties even if it is difficult to keep. Monalisa has a medium-early cycle with yellow skin and flesh. Its tubers are elongated and easy to keep.The medium-early Spunta with red skin and yellow flesh produces many flowers and is resistant to diseases.For the hilly area, the varieties Spunta, Desirèe and Kennebec are recommended. late with red skin and firm and yellow paste, excellent for fried potatoes. Its flowers are violet or red and it is very resistant to diseases. Kennebec is also medium late, with nice large, round tubers with light skin and white flesh. Very floury, it is excellent for gnocchi and mashed potatoes. For cultivation in the mountains, the Vivaldi variety with yellow and semi-late flesh is recommended.

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