Gardening

21 Most Famous and Delicious Kiwi Types and Varieties

The origin of the Kiwi, technically known as  Actinidia Deliciosa , is located in New Zealand.

Belonging to the genus Actinidia, currently the best known cultivars around the world are Hayward and Bruno.

In China, in 1983, the so-called Guangxi Botanical Institute managed to classify and describe around 53 species, 5 varieties and 15 forms included in the genus Actinidia.

There are 3 major botanical varieties, which are: chinensis, hispida and setosa. In the cultivated forms, A. chinensis var. hispida. For the most part, the current varieties that are grown come from New Zealand lands, so it is considered that there are female and male varieties.

Kiwi female varieties are: 

  • Abott
  • Bruno
  • Hayward
  • Monty
  • Kramer
  • Greensil
  • Allison
  • Vicent
  • Tewi
  • Gracie
  • Jones
  • Elmwood.

Male varieties are:

  • Matua
  • Tomuri
  • M-3
  • M51
  • M52
  • M54
  • M56
  • Chieftain
  • Autari

In Spain, Hayward-type kiwi cultivars are the most widespread, although some later introduced clones such as Hayward K, Hayward 8 and Top Star, collected in other countries. Among the types of Kiwi , there are 9 the best known are:

Green Kiwi

It is the most popular type of Kiwi in the world. High in vitamin C, it has a sweet taste with an exquisite acidity point. In some countries it is known under the name Kiwi Zespri.

Kiwi Hayward 

It is a larger fruit , it has a hairy brown skin, with small hairs. Its green pulp is very juicy and has a durability of around 6 months if it is preserved well.

Kiwi Hayward Clone 8

It is a hybrid native to Greece, and its maturation process is faster than the others, having excellent resistance to low temperatures and winter frost.

Kiwi Top Star

It is medium in size, lacks hairs on the skin, even when it is a modification of the Hayward.

Summer Kiwi

It comes from several «controlled» crosses between various species. It has a much sweeter taste, less weight and a much faster harvest time that provides great economic benefits for its growers.

Kiwi Abbot

Medium in size, its conservation is less short than other types of kiwi. 

Kiwi Bruno

It is one of the types of less commercial impact, it is much less popular. But it has higher amount of vitamin C, if it is compared with others. 

Yellow Kiwi

With the scientific name Actinidia Chinensis, it has a much sweeter fruit than the Green Kiwi type.

There is no characteristic acid touch in its flavor. And the pulp is deep yellow , not the usual green color. This species is the second most widely cultivated worldwide.

Kiwi Monty

Despite the fact that its fruit is small, it does perfectly well with a sweet taste, much less acidic than usual.

In addition, there is popular eties. Some of the best known are the following:

Abbot

Its fruit is medium in size, with a sweet acidic flavor and a very bright straw-green pulp.

Bruno

This medium-sized variety also has a very bright green pulp, very juicy, with a sugary and acid flavor at the same time.

Hayward

In this variety, the fruit is larger and more uniform, with a lighter green polish, although it is also very bright and has an acidic sweetish perfumed flavor.

Gracie

It has the peculiarity that the skin of the fruit is greenish-brown in color, with hairs. The pulp is very green, with a slightly acidic and fragrant flavor.

Jones

The fruits are oval in shape, with a fairly bright straw-green pulp and a slightly acidic and fragrant sugary flavor.

Monty

The fruit is not very uniform in size. The pulp is bright straw-green in color, with a sweet-sour taste.  

Kiwi Hort 16

This medium-sized fruit is a variety that comes from the Yellow Kiwi.

The pulp is also bright yellow in color and has high concentrations of vitamin C, E and iron , which makes this variant a powerful and very commercial food option.

Kiwi A 19

It is very similar to the Yellow Kiwi, worse with a substantial difference: the fruit is much smaller than its predecessor and is also more acidic. In New Zealand its cultivation became very popular.

Kiwi Jin Tao

It is closer to the Kiwi Hort, although it comes from the Yellow Kiwi. Therefore, its pulp is also yellow, but with a smaller and sweeter fruit.

Kiwi Sun Gold

Another variant that comes from the Yellow Kiwi, with an acid flavor and a skin without hairs or hairs. It is widely cultivated in New Zealand.

Kiwi JB Gold or Kiwi Kiss

This variant of the Yellow Kiwi also comes from, but it is larger. In New Zealand they cultivated it for the first time.

Kiwi Soreli

It is also derived from Yellow, resists low temperatures and its skin is smooth, it has no hairs. They grow it in Italy.

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