Gardening

4 Most Famous Types and Varieties of Jasmine

Jasmine is a plant of the oliaceae family. It is rustic and delicate, with evergreen and deciduous foliage.

It has two hundred widely cultivated species of vines and shrubs, with an exquisite and sublime fragrance. The best known are the following:

Jasmine officinale

Climbing plant that can reach 6 meters in height, known by the names of summer jasmine, poet’s jasmine, white jasmine or common jasmine.

It is the native plant of Iran, Pakistan, India, Nepal and western China, making it the most widely cultivated species in those countries.

It is also so in Romania, Yugoslavia, the East Indies, France, Portugal, Italy and in Florida in the United States, where it has been naturalized. Is a vine leaf expires has an enviable fragrance of flowers white with five petals with blurry linear lanceolate leaves.

It is a summer plant, friendly to warm climates, which can be cultivated in other seasons in greenhouses if it is provided with the appropriate conditions.

It is of sublime beauty and in the industry it is used in the production of essential oils for perfumes and aromatherapy due to its exquisite fragrance. It also serves as an ornament at the entrances of residences to decorate gardens or cover walls. 

Jasmine officinale has medicinal properties and is used as an expectorant, astringent and sedative tonic. Its cultivation is practical because it only needs to be watered once a week, and once it has had production it should be pruned to achieve the next crop of flowers on young and strong branches.

Jasmine Nudiflorum

This variety, native to the mountains of Tibet, is known as jasmine winter jasmine yellow jasmine San Jose or the color of their flowers.

It is a sarmentosum shrub with a resistant , rustic texture , good for gardens, family of the jasmine officinalis, but harder than this.

The jasmine nudiflorum has beautiful flowers of intense yellow color on the green background of its branches and its leaves with three lanceolate lobes, a beauty with which it compensates for its lack of aroma, which differentiates it from the officinale variety.

Another difference is that this is the flower of winter , but, even so, it resists extreme temperatures, high and low. The flowering period, which is abundant, goes from November to March, reaching its fullness in January.

It is a plant of exotic beauty, three meters high, climbing, which serves to cover walls and decorate spaces in the house, regardless of whether it is planted in planters, in pots or on terraces.

The nudiflorum jasmine should not be watered in the winter months, and it is advisable to prune after flowering to strengthen it with a view to next season when, with new energy, will produce radiant flowers, of course, provided you have a structure where can fix and develop smoothly.

Jasmine from Paraguay

This variety of jasmine, from the solanaceae group, whose scientific name is Jazminum multipartitum.

It is very curious for the distinctive color of its flowers, which are violet at the beginning and with time they degrade, when changing colors, from pale lavender to white .

This flowering makes this plant ideal for decorating open spaces especially during the spring months .

About thirty species are known from the tropical regions of America and the Antilles, and they are also called brunfelsiaes in honor of Dr. Otto Brunfels, a German Renaissance physician and botanist.

The jasmine of Paraguay, or Paraguayan, can measure three meters in height and has oval leaves of bright green color, a little lighter on the underside, with a very dense branching.

It is a plant with a warm and temperate climate, very sensitive to frost; we must keep it in semi-shade, receiving sunlight during the coolest hours of the day.

Its flowering occurs during the summer, but it can last until autumn , and the peculiarity of its perfume is that it spreads a scent of coconut essence that makes it different from the others, which is why it is used in the cosmetic and manufacturing industry. of perfumes.

Another of its important characteristics is that, in case of being planted in warm places, it can have a new flowering process in January or February.

It is a plant with medicinal properties because it can be used as a sedative, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, for arthritis and rheumatism, and for purification and stimulation of the lymphatic system. Relieves pain, colds, fever, flu and fevers and is useful even for venereal diseases.

Star jasmine

Beautiful creeper plant with twisted woody stems, which is from the Apodynamic family, unlike the other types of jasmine that are from the Oleacea family, and its scientific-technical name is Trachelospermum jasminiodes.

This variety of Jasmine is native to Japan and China from where it has migrated to America and Europe. It has twiggy branches and glossy dark green leaves.

Its flowers are white and yellow formed by five petals, grouped in the shape of a helix. Its aroma is highly perfumed and appreciated for the way it floods the spaces where it has been planted.

Star jasmine is also known by the names of star jasmine, evergreen jasmine, Chinese jasmine, milk jasmine, and false jasmine, the latter because it tends to be confused with other species.

It is a vine, climber or climber, but it is not natural, so if we want to prevent it from growing as a bush, we must fix it in a place where it can climb.

It can be used to decorate walls, fences, or any space in the house, and it can be grown in pots and can even be planted in coastal areas by the sea, preserving it from strong winds.

That is why it adapts to high temperature places where it receives a lot of sun, but it is a versatile plant that can change its appearance several times a year.

During spring and summer the clusters of white flowers with five petals emerge, and as it grows we must take measures to protect it from winter frosts because its growth is very slow in the early stages.

However, the versatility of scented jasmine is such that, as it develops, it reaches the point of withstanding temperatures of -10 degrees Celsius.

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